Definitions for ostracismˈɒs trəˌsɪz əm
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word ostracism
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
os•tra•cismˈɒs trəˌsɪz əm(n.)
exclusion, by general consent, from social acceptance, privileges, friendship, etc.
(in ancient Greece) temporary banishment of a citizen, decided upon by popular vote.
Category: Ancient History
Origin of ostracism:
1570–80; < NL ostracismus < Gk ostrakismós banishment
banishment, ostracism, Coventry(noun)
the state of being banished or ostracized (excluded from society by general consent)
"the association should get rid of its elderly members--not by euthanasia, of course, but by Coventry"
the act of excluding someone from society by general consent
In ancient Athens (and some other cities), the temporary banishment by popular vote of a citizen considered dangerous to the state.
Banishment, by some general consent; exclusion from a community or society.
Origin: From ὀστρακισμός, from ὀστρακίζειν + -ισμός.
Ostracism was a procedure under the Athenian democracy in which any citizen could be expelled from the city-state of Athens for ten years. While some instances clearly expressed popular anger at the citizen, ostracism was often used preemptively. It was used as a way of neutralizing someone thought to be a threat to the state or potential tyrant. Crucially, ostracism had no relation to the processes of justice. There was no charge or defense, and the exile was not in fact a penalty; it was simply a command from the Athenian people that one of their number be gone for ten years. A modern use developed from the term is to describe informal exclusion from a group through social rejection. Although the psychology of ostracism takes this further, where it has been defined as “...any behaviour in which a group or individual excludes and ignores another group or individual”. This could therefore be an intentional act or an unintentional one.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
banishment (lit. by shell) for a term of years by popular vote from Athens of any individual whose political influence seemed to threaten the liberty of the citizens; the vote was given by each citizen writing the name of the individual on a shell and depositing it in some place appointed, and it was only when supported by 6000 citizens that it took effect.
Translations for ostracism
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
- uitsluiting, uitstotingAfrikaans
- نَفْي، إبْعاد، نَبْذ، طَرْدArabic
- ostracismoPortuguese (BR)
- vyloučení ze společnostiCzech
- die VerbannungGerman
- välja tõukamine, põlu alla panemineEstonian
- निर्वासन, बहिष्कारHindi
- odbacivanje, odbačenostCroatian
- cserépszavazás; kiközösítésHungarian
- 추방, 배척Korean
- ostrakizmas, atstūmimasLithuanian
- sosial boikott, forvisningNorwegian
- رد، طردPersian
- رد يا نه اخيستلPashto
- uteslutning, utfrysningSwedish
- aforoz, sürmeTurkish
- 排斥Chinese (Trad.)
- sự tẩy chayVietnamese
- 排斥Chinese (Simp.)
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