Definitions for osteoporosisˌɒs ti oʊ pəˈroʊ sɪs
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word osteoporosis
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
os•te•o•po•ro•sisˌɒs ti oʊ pəˈroʊ sɪs(n.)
a disorder in which the bones become increasingly porous, brittle, and subject to fracture, owing to loss of calcium and other mineral components.
Origin of osteoporosis:
1840–50; osteo -+ Gk pór(os) passage, pore2+ -osis
abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
A disease, occurring especially in women following menopause, in which the bones become extremely porous and are subject to fracture.
Osteoporosis is a disease of bones that leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis, the bone mineral density is reduced, bone microarchitecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone are altered. Osteoporosis is defined by the World Health Organization as a bone mineral density of 2.5 standard deviations or more below the mean peak bone mass as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; the term "established osteoporosis" includes the presence of a fragility fracture. The disease may be classified as primary type 1, primary type 2, or secondary. The form of osteoporosis most common in women after menopause is referred to as primary type 1 or postmenopausal osteoporosis. Primary type 2 osteoporosis or senile osteoporosis occurs after age 75 and is seen in both females and males at a ratio of 2:1. Secondary osteoporosis may arise at any age and affect men and women equally. This form results from chronic predisposing medical problems or disease, or prolonged use of medications such as glucocorticoids, when the disease is called steroid- or glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
Find a translation for the osteoporosis definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these osteoporosis definitions with the community:
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"osteoporosis." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2014. Web. 8 Mar. 2014. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/osteoporosis>.