Definitions for influenzaˌɪn fluˈɛn zə
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word influenza
influenza, flu, grippe(noun)
an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
An acute contagious disease of the upper airways and lungs, caused by a virus, which rapidly spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics.
Origin: From influenza, from influentia.
an epidemic affection characterized by acute nasal catarrh, or by inflammation of the throat or the bronchi, and usually accompanied by fever
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease of birds and mammals caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae, the influenza viruses. The most common symptoms are chills, fever, runny nose, sore throat, muscle pains, headache, coughing, weakness/fatigue and general discomfort. Although it is often confused with other influenza-like illnesses, especially the common cold, influenza is a more severe disease caused by a different type of virus. Influenza may produce nausea and vomiting, particularly in children, but these symptoms are more common in the unrelated gastroenteritis, which is sometimes inaccurately referred to as "stomach flu" or "24-hour flu". Flu can occasionally lead to pneumonia, either direct viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial pneumonia, even for persons who are usually very healthy. In particular it is a warning sign if a child seems to be getting better and then relapses with a high fever as this relapse may be bacterial pneumonia. Another warning sign is if the person starts to have trouble breathing. Typically, influenza is transmitted through the air by coughs or sneezes, creating aerosols containing the virus. Influenza can also be transmitted by direct contact with bird droppings or nasal secretions, or through contact with contaminated surfaces. Airborne aerosols have been thought to cause most infections, although which means of transmission is most important is not absolutely clear. Influenza viruses can be inactivated by sunlight, disinfectants and detergents. As the virus can be inactivated by soap, frequent hand washing reduces the risk of infection.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
an epidemic disease, closely resembles, but is quite distinct from, cold in the head. It is characterised by early and marked debility and depression; though usually of short duration, attacks must not be disregarded; fatal results often ensue on carelessness. Convalescence is slow, and complications may ensue. The cause of the malady is obscure; sporadic cases always occur, but from time to time great epidemics of this disease have travelled westward over the world. Their movement seems to depend on atmospheric conditions, but is independent of the season of the year and often contrary to the direction of the wind. Visitations occurred in Britain in 1837-38, 1847-48, and 1889-91.
Translations for influenza
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- инфлуенца, грипBulgarian
- gripCatalan, Valencian
- Influenza, GrippeGerman
- gripe, gripa, influenzaSpanish
- grypWestern Frisian
- cnatan mòrScottish Gaelic
- flensa, inflúensaIcelandic
- febbre, influenzaItalian
- インフルエンザ, 流行性感冒, インフル, インフルエンJapanese
- ინფლუენცია, გრიპიGeorgian
- 인플루엔자, 감기Korean
- tarutawhiti, rewharewhaMāori
- tahoniigááh, atsʼiiʼ honiigaahNavajo, Navaho
- инфлюэнца, гриппRussian
- grip, грип, инфлуенца, influenca, грипа, gripaSerbo-Croatian
- influenca, gripaSlovene
- flunsa, influensaSwedish
Get even more translations for influenza »
Find a translation for the influenza definition in other languages:
Select another language: