What does influenza mean?

Definitions for influenza
ˌɪn fluˈɛn zəin·fluen·za

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word influenza.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. influenza, flu, grippenoun

    an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease

GCIDE

  1. Influenzanoun

    An epidemic viral infectious disease characterized by acute nasal catarrh, or by inflammation of the throat or the bronchi, and usually accompanied by fever and general weakness; also called grippe. It is caused by several forms of RNA virus which mutate readily and thereby render vaccines prepared against older forms ineffective, often requiring a new form of vaccine for each new outbreak.

Wiktionary

  1. influenzanoun

    An acute contagious disease of the upper airways and lungs, caused by a virus, which rapidly spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics.

  2. Etymology: From influenza, from influentia.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Influenzanoun

    an epidemic affection characterized by acute nasal catarrh, or by inflammation of the throat or the bronchi, and usually accompanied by fever

  2. Etymology: [It. influenza influence, an epidemic formerly attributed by astrologers to the influence of the heavenly bodies, influenza. See Influence.]

Freebase

  1. Influenza

    Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease of birds and mammals caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae, the influenza viruses. The most common symptoms are chills, fever, runny nose, sore throat, muscle pains, headache, coughing, weakness/fatigue and general discomfort. Although it is often confused with other influenza-like illnesses, especially the common cold, influenza is a more severe disease caused by a different type of virus. Influenza may produce nausea and vomiting, particularly in children, but these symptoms are more common in the unrelated gastroenteritis, which is sometimes inaccurately referred to as "stomach flu" or "24-hour flu". Flu can occasionally lead to pneumonia, either direct viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial pneumonia, even for persons who are usually very healthy. In particular it is a warning sign if a child seems to be getting better and then relapses with a high fever as this relapse may be bacterial pneumonia. Another warning sign is if the person starts to have trouble breathing. Typically, influenza is transmitted through the air by coughs or sneezes, creating aerosols containing the virus. Influenza can also be transmitted by direct contact with bird droppings or nasal secretions, or through contact with contaminated surfaces. Airborne aerosols have been thought to cause most infections, although which means of transmission is most important is not absolutely clear. Influenza viruses can be inactivated by sunlight, disinfectants and detergents. As the virus can be inactivated by soap, frequent hand washing reduces the risk of infection.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Influenza

    in-flōō-en′za, n. a severe epidemic catarrh, accompanied with weakening fever. [It.,—L., a by-form of influence.]

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Influenza

    an epidemic disease, closely resembles, but is quite distinct from, cold in the head. It is characterised by early and marked debility and depression; though usually of short duration, attacks must not be disregarded; fatal results often ensue on carelessness. Convalescence is slow, and complications may ensue. The cause of the malady is obscure; sporadic cases always occur, but from time to time great epidemics of this disease have travelled westward over the world. Their movement seems to depend on atmospheric conditions, but is independent of the season of the year and often contrary to the direction of the wind. Visitations occurred in Britain in 1837-38, 1847-48, and 1889-91.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of influenza in Chaldean Numerology is: 5

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of influenza in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9

Examples of influenza in a Sentence

  1. Mark Woolhouse:

    This makes it difficult to precisely assess the impact of school closures on the wider spread of Covid-19, using a mathematical model the authors show that even under the most pessimistic assumption that young people are fully infectious then school closures could still have substantially less impact on the epidemic than they would for influenza-like infections.

  2. Oveta Fuller:

    There still was, during the Omicron wave, a relatively high rate of hospitalization during this period, that rate of hospitalization actually is quite troubling, and if Peter Marks compare this to what Peter Marks see in a terrible influenza season, it is worse.

  3. Benjamin Chapman:

    While it's possible that the virus gets deposited [ on packaging ] we have no indication from epidemiology or the literature that this is a risk factor for Covid-19 or other respiratory illnesses, even with the millions of cases of influenza each year, packaging isn't something we talk about.

  4. Brittany Kmush:

    The dynamics for control of the epidemic may rely on factors that influence transmission of the virus such as infectiousness and spread or the virus by persons having mild or no symptoms, or by behaviors to reduce the spread of the virus, we are not dealing with a virus like influenza that behaves predictably every year.

  5. Andrew Easton:

    It is not possible to predict with certainty which animal influenza strain will cause the next pandemic, though we can be certain that one will.

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Translations for influenza

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