a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
A simple monosaccharide (sugar) with a molecular formula of CHO; it is a principle source of energy for cellular metabolism.
Origin: from related to ; note: -ose comes from glucose, not the other way round
a variety of sugar occurring in nature very abundantly, as in ripe grapes, and in honey, and produced in great quantities from starch, etc., by the action of heat and acids. It is only about half as sweet as cane sugar. Called also dextrose, grape sugar, diabetic sugar, and starch sugar. See Dextrose
any one of a large class of sugars, isometric with glucose proper, and including levulose, galactose, etc
the trade name of a sirup, obtained as an uncrystallizable reside in the manufacture of glucose proper, and containing, in addition to some dextrose or glucose, also maltose, dextrin, etc. It is used as a cheap adulterant of sirups, beers, etc
Origin: [Gr. sweet. Cf. Glycerin.]
Glucose is a simple monosaccharide found in plants. It is one of the three dietary monosaccharides, along with fructose and galactose, that are absorbed directly into the bloodstream during digestion. An important carbohydrate in biology, cells use it as the primary source of energy and a metabolic intermediate. Glucose is one of the main products of photosynthesis and fuels for cellular respiration. Glucose exists in several different molecular structures, but all of these structures can be divided into two families of mirror-images. Only one set of these isomers exists in nature, those derived from the "right-handed form" of glucose, denoted D-glucose. D-glucose is sometimes referred to as dextrose, although the use of this name is strongly discouraged. The term dextrose is derived from dextrorotatory glucose. This name is therefore confusing when applied to the enantiomer, which rotates light in the opposite direction. Starch and cellulose are polymers derived from the dehydration of D-glucose. The other stereoisomer, called L-glucose, is hardly ever found in nature. The name "glucose" comes from the Greek word glukus, meaning "sweet". The suffix "-ose" denotes a sugar.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
The numerical value of glucose in Chaldean Numerology is: 3
The numerical value of glucose in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
There are actually more molecules of glucose in a cup than there are molecules of sucrose, because glucose is a smaller molecule.
Lowering( post-meal) blood glucose and cholesterol may be useful to reduce the negative effects of glucose and cholesterol on the cardiovascular system.
Our brains rely heavily on glucose for energy,.. but in our evolutionary past it would have been hard to come by. So we have a deep-rooted preference for glucose-rich foods and seek them out.
More variable glucose levels can indicate a poorer diet or a more unsteady metabolism, and chronic inflammation from the body's excess exposure to glucose can lead to issues like diabetes or cardiovascular disease.
Alcohol increases insulin levels and lowers blood glucose, so combining alcohol with anti-diabetic drugs that regulate glucose levels could cause an undesirable drop in blood sugar. And, over time, it could contribute to insulin insensitivity, our findings highlight a major gap in the literature.
Images & Illustrations of glucose
Translations for glucose
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- glucosaCatalan, Valencian
- glukose, druesukkerDanish
- Traubenzucker, GlukoseGerman
- glukoosi, rypälesokeriFinnish
- ブドウ糖, グルコースJapanese
- glucose, druivensuikerDutch
- druesukker, glukoseNorwegian
- chʼiyáán náálkąąd bee jiinánígííNavajo, Navaho
- druvsocker, blodsocker, glukos, dextrosSwedish
- üzüm şekeri, glikozTurkish
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