Definitions for cartilageˈkɑr tl ɪdʒ, ˈkɑrt lɪdʒ
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word cartilage
tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
A type of dense, non-vascular connective tissue, usually found at the end of joints, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, in the throat and between intervertebral disks.
Origin: From cartilage, from cartilago.
a translucent, elastic tissue; gristle
Origin: [L. cartilago; cf. F. cartilage.]
Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue found in many areas in the bodies of humans and other animals, including the joints between bones, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes and the intervertebral discs. It is not as hard and rigid as bone but is stiffer and less flexible than muscle. Cartilage is composed of specialized cells called chondroblasts that produce a large amount of extracellular matrix composed of collagen fibers, abundant ground substance rich in proteoglycan, and elastin fibers. Cartilage is classified in three types, elastic cartilage, hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage, which differ in the relative amounts of these three main components. Chondroblasts that get caught in the matrix are called chondrocytes. They lie in spaces called lacunae with up to eight chondrocytes per lacuna. Unlike other connective tissues, cartilage does not contain blood vessels. The chondrocytes are supplied by diffusion, helped by the pumping action generated by compression of the articular cartilage or flexion of the elastic cartilage. Thus, compared to other connective tissues, cartilage grows and repairs more slowly.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.
Translations for cartilage
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- храсток, храшчBelarusian
- কোমলাস্থি, উপাস্থিBengali
- cartílagCatalan, Valencian
- कार्टिलेज, उपास्थिHindi
- աճառ, կռճիկArmenian
- tulang rawan, rawanIndonesian
- krimslis, skrimslisLatvian
- ooshgę́ę́zhNavajo, Navaho
- hrskavica, хрскавицаSerbo-Croatian
- කීකසය, කෝමලාස්ථිSinhala, Sinhalese
- тағояк, шағалTajik
- اپاستی, کارٹلیجUrdu
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