tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
A type of dense, non-vascular connective tissue, usually found at the end of joints, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, in the throat and between intervertebral disks.
Origin: From cartilage, from cartilago.
a translucent, elastic tissue; gristle
Origin: [L. cartilago; cf. F. cartilage.]
Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue found in many areas in the bodies of humans and other animals, including the joints between bones, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes and the intervertebral discs. It is not as hard and rigid as bone but is stiffer and less flexible than muscle. Cartilage is composed of specialized cells called chondroblasts that produce a large amount of extracellular matrix composed of collagen fibers, abundant ground substance rich in proteoglycan, and elastin fibers. Cartilage is classified in three types, elastic cartilage, hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage, which differ in the relative amounts of these three main components. Chondroblasts that get caught in the matrix are called chondrocytes. They lie in spaces called lacunae with up to eight chondrocytes per lacuna. Unlike other connective tissues, cartilage does not contain blood vessels. The chondrocytes are supplied by diffusion, helped by the pumping action generated by compression of the articular cartilage or flexion of the elastic cartilage. Thus, compared to other connective tissues, cartilage grows and repairs more slowly.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
kär′ti-lāj, n. in vertebrate animals, a firm elastic substance, of a pearly whiteness, presenting to the unaided eye a uniform and homogeneous appearance: gristle.—adj. Cartilagi′nous, pertaining to or consisting of cartilage, gristly. [Fr.,—L. cartilago; cog. with crates, Gr. kartalos.]
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.
Is a form of flexible connective tissue found in many areas in the bodies of humans and other animals.
In humans cartilage can be found in the joints between bones, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes and the intervertebral discs. In animals it often serves the purpose of holding tubes open in an animal's body.
The numerical value of cartilage in Chaldean Numerology is: 5
The numerical value of cartilage in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
There's no cartilage, i'm bone-on-bone. It is constantly inflamed and very sore.
Images & Illustrations of cartilage
Translations for cartilage
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- храсток, храшчBelarusian
- কোমলাস্থি, উপাস্থিBengali
- cartílagCatalan, Valencian
- कार्टिलेज, उपास्थिHindi
- աճառ, կռճիկArmenian
- tulang rawan, rawanIndonesian
- krimslis, skrimslisLatvian
- ooshgę́ę́zhNavajo, Navaho
- hrskavica, хрскавицаSerbo-Croatian
- කීකසය, කෝමලාස්ථිSinhala, Sinhalese
- тағояк, шағалTajik
- اپاستی, کارٹلیجUrdu
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