Definitions for assumeəˈsum

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word assume

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

as•sume*əˈsum(v.t.)-sumed, -sum•ing.

  1. to take for granted or without proof; suppose; postulate; posit.

  2. to take upon oneself; undertake or accept:

    to assume responsibility.

  3. to take over the duties or responsibilities of:

    to assume the office of treasurer.

  4. to adopt (a particular character, quality, mode of life, etc.):

    to assume the role of patron of the arts.

  5. to take on; become endowed with:

    The situation assumed a threatening character.

  6. to pretend to have or be; feign:

    to assume a humble manner.

  7. to seize; usurp:

    to assume control.

  8. to take upon oneself (the debts or obligations of another).

  9. (v.i.)to take something for granted; presume.

* Syn: See pretend.

Origin of assume:

1400–50; late ME (< AF assumer) < L assūmere to take up, adopt =as-as - +sūmere to pick up; see consume


Princeton's WordNet

  1. assume, presume, take for granted(verb)

    take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof

    "I assume his train was late"

  2. assume, adopt, take on, take over(verb)

    take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities

    "When will the new President assume office?"

  3. assume, acquire, adopt, take on, take(verb)

    take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect

    "His voice took on a sad tone"; "The story took a new turn"; "he adopted an air of superiority"; "She assumed strange manners"; "The gods assume human or animal form in these fables"

  4. bear, take over, accept, assume(verb)

    take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person

    "I'll accept the charges"; "She agreed to bear the responsibility"

  5. assume, take, strike, take up(verb)

    occupy or take on

    "He assumes the lotus position"; "She took her seat on the stage"; "We took our seats in the orchestra"; "She took up her position behind the tree"; "strike a pose"

  6. assume, usurp, seize, take over, arrogate(verb)

    seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession

    "He assumed to himself the right to fill all positions in the town"; "he usurped my rights"; "She seized control of the throne after her husband died"

  7. simulate, assume, sham, feign(verb)

    make a pretence of

    "She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger"; "he feigned sleep"

  8. assume(verb)

    take up someone's soul into heaven

    "This is the day when May was assumed into heaven"

  9. wear, put on, get into, don, assume(verb)

    put clothing on one's body

    "What should I wear today?"; "He put on his best suit for the wedding"; "The princess donned a long blue dress"; "The queen assumed the stately robes"; "He got into his jeans"

Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary

  1. assume(verb)əˈsum

    to suppose sth is true

    He assumed it was my fault.; I'm assuming that the meeting was canceled.

  2. assumeəˈsum

    to begin to have

    to assume responsibility/control

  3. assumeəˈsum

    to pretend to have a feeling

    to assume a cheerful expression


  1. assume(Verb)

    To authenticate by means of belief; to surmise; to suppose to be true, especially without proof.

    We assume that, as her parents were dentists, she knows quite a bit about dentistry.

  2. assume(Verb)

    To take on a position or duty.

    Mr. Jones will assume the position of a lifeguard until a proper replacement is found.

  3. assume(Verb)

    To adopt an idea or cause.

  4. Origin: From assumo, from ad- + sumo.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Assume(verb)

    to take to or upon one's self; to take formally and demonstratively; sometimes, to appropriate or take unjustly

  2. Assume(verb)

    to take for granted, or without proof; to suppose as a fact; to suppose or take arbitrarily or tentatively

  3. Assume(verb)

    to pretend to possess; to take in appearance

  4. Assume(verb)

    to receive or adopt

  5. Assume(verb)

    to be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due

  6. Assume(verb)

    to undertake, as by a promise

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'assume' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2597

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'assume' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2008

  3. Verbs Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'assume' in Verbs Frequency: #205

Translations for assume

Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary


to take or accept as true

I assume (that) you'd like time to decide.

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