What does parol evidence rule mean?

Definitions for parol evidence rule
parol ev·i·dence rule

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word parol evidence rule.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. parol evidence rulenoun

    a rule that oral evidence cannot be used to contradict the terms of a written contract

Wikipedia

  1. Parol evidence rule

    The parol evidence rule is a rule in the Anglo-American common law that governs what kinds of evidence parties to a contract dispute can introduce when trying to determine the specific terms of a contract. The rule also prevents parties who have reduced their agreement to a final written document from later introducing other evidence, such as the content of oral discussions from earlier in the negotiation process, as evidence of a different intent as to the terms of the contract. The rule provides that "extrinsic evidence is inadmissible to vary a written contract". The term "parol" derives from the Anglo-Norman French parol or parole, meaning "word of mouth" or "verbal", and in medieval times referred to oral pleadings in a court case.The rule's origins lie in English contract law, but has been adopted in other common law jurisdictions; however there are now some differences between application of the rule in different jurisdictions. For instance, in the US, a common misconception is that it is a rule of evidence (like the Federal Rules of Evidence), but that is not the case; whereas in England it is indeed a rule of evidence.The supporting rationale for this is that since the contracting parties have reduced their agreement to a single and final writing, extrinsic evidence of past agreements or terms should not be considered when interpreting that writing, as the parties had decided to ultimately leave them out of the contract. In other words, one may not use evidence made prior to the written contract to contradict the writing.

ChatGPT

  1. parol evidence rule

    The parol evidence rule is a legal principle that prevents a party to a written contract from presenting extrinsic evidence that contradicts or adds to the written terms of the contract that appears to be whole. This evidence includes oral discussions, emails, or other communications that occurred before or while the agreement was being signed. The rule aims to uphold the integrity of written agreements by discouraging perjury and encouraging the parties to fully articulate their terms in writing. However, there are some exceptions to this rule, such as situations involving fraudulent behavior or a mistake in the contract.

Wikidata

  1. Parol evidence rule

    The parol evidence rule is a substantive common law rule in contract cases that prevents a party to a written contract from presenting extrinsic evidence that contradicts or adds to the written terms of the contract that appears to be whole. The term of art parol means "oral" and comes from Anglo-French, Anglo-Norman, or Legal French. The supporting rationale for this rule is that since the contracting parties have reduced their agreement to a single and final writing, extrinsic evidence of past agreements or terms should not be considered when interpreting that writing, as the parties had decided to ultimately leave them out of the contract. In other words, one may not use evidence made prior to the written contract to contradict the writing. A common misconception is that it is a rule of evidence, but that is not the case.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of parol evidence rule in Chaldean Numerology is: 8

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of parol evidence rule in Pythagorean Numerology is: 5


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"parol evidence rule." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 19 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/parol+evidence+rule>.

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