What does dominant gene mean?

Definitions for dominant gene
dom·i·nan·t gene

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word dominant gene.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. dominant genenoun

    gene that produces the same phenotype in the organism whether or not its allele identical

    "the dominant gene for brown eyes"

Wikipedia

  1. dominant gene

    In genetics, dominance is the phenomenon of one variant (allele) of a gene on a chromosome masking or overriding the effect of a different variant of the same gene on the other copy of the chromosome. The first variant is termed dominant and the second recessive. This state of having two different variants of the same gene on each chromosome is originally caused by a mutation in one of the genes, either new (de novo) or inherited. The terms autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive are used to describe gene variants on non-sex chromosomes (autosomes) and their associated traits, while those on sex chromosomes (allosomes) are termed X-linked dominant, X-linked recessive or Y-linked; these have an inheritance and presentation pattern that depends on the sex of both the parent and the child (see Sex linkage). Since there is only one copy of the Y chromosome, Y-linked traits cannot be dominant or recessive. Additionally, there are other forms of dominance such as incomplete dominance, in which a gene variant has a partial effect compared to when it is present on both chromosomes, and co-dominance, in which different variants on each chromosome both show their associated traits. Dominance is a key concept in Mendelian inheritance and classical genetics. Letters and Punnett squares are used to demonstrate the principles of dominance in teaching, and the use of upper case letters for dominant alleles and lower case letters for recessive alleles is a widely followed convention. A classic example of dominance is the inheritance of seed shape in peas. Peas may be round, associated with allele R, or wrinkled, associated with allele r. In this case, three combinations of alleles (genotypes) are possible: RR, Rr, and rr. The RR (homozygous) individuals have round peas, and the rr (homozygous) individuals have wrinkled peas. In Rr (heterozygous) individuals, the R allele masks the presence of the r allele, so these individuals also have round peas. Thus, allele R is dominant over allele r, and allele r is recessive to allele R. Dominance is not inherent to an allele or its traits (phenotype). It is a strictly relative effect between two alleles of a given gene of any function; one allele can be dominant over a second allele of the same gene, recessive to a third and co-dominant with a fourth. Additionally, one allele may be dominant for one trait but not others. Dominance differs from epistasis, the phenomenon of an allele of one gene masking the effect of alleles of a different gene.

ChatGPT

  1. dominant gene

    A dominant gene is a type of gene that masks the effect of a recessive gene. It is the version of a gene that will always appear when present in an organism's genotype, regardless if it's paired with a recessive gene in a heterozygous pair. Its trait will be physically exhibited, determining the particular characteristic or disorder in an organism.

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Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of dominant gene in Chaldean Numerology is: 4

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of dominant gene in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

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"dominant gene." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2024. Web. 28 May 2024. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/dominant+gene>.

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