What does Roman Jakobson mean?

Definitions for Roman Jakobson
Ro·man Jakob·son

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word Roman Jakobson.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Jakobson, Roman Jakobson, Roman Osipovich Jakobson(noun)

    United States linguist (born in Russia) noted for his description of the universals of phonology (1896-1982)

Freebase

  1. Roman Jakobson

    Roman Osipovich Jakobson was a Russian linguist and literary theorist. As a pioneer of the structural analysis of language, which became the dominant trend in linguistics during the first half of twentieth-century, and into the present through its descendent versions associated with the work of Noam Chomsky, Jakobson was among the most influential linguists of the century. Influenced by the work of Ferdinand de Saussure, Jakobson developed, with Nikolai Trubetzkoy, techniques for the analysis of sound systems in languages, inaugurating the discipline of phonology. He went on to apply the same techniques of analysis to syntax and morphology, and controversially proposed that they be extended to semantics. He made numerous contributions to Slavic linguistics, most notably two studies of Russian case and an analysis of the categories of the Russian verb. Drawing on insights from Charles Sanders Peirce's semiotics, as well as from communication theory and cybernetics, he proposed methods for the investigation of poetry, music, the visual arts, and cinema. Through his decisive influence on Claude Lévi-Strauss and Roland Barthes, among others, Jakobson became a pivotal figure in the adaptation of structural analysis to disciplines beyond linguistics, including anthropology and literary theory; this generalization of Saussurean methods, known as "structuralism", became a major post-war intellectual movement in Europe and the United States. Meanwhile, though the influence of structuralism declined during the 1970s, Jakobson's work has continued to receive attention in linguistic anthropology, especially through the ethnography of communication developed by Dell Hymes and the semiotics of culture developed by Jakobson's former student Michael Silverstein.

Numerology

  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of Roman Jakobson in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of Roman Jakobson in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Images & Illustrations of Roman Jakobson

  1. Roman Jakobson

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