Definitions for vaccinationˌvæk səˈneɪ ʃən
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word vaccination
taking a vaccine as a precaution against contracting a disease
the scar left following inoculation with a vaccine
Inoculation with a vaccine in order to protect a particular disease or strain of disease
Origin: From vacca. The term was coined by Edward Jenner (1749-1823) who infected people with weakened cowpox viruses to immunise them against the disease.
the act, art, or practice of vaccinating, or inoculating with the cowpox, in order to prevent or mitigate an attack of smallpox. Cf. Inoculation
Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material to stimulate an individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen. Vaccines can prevent or ameliorate morbidity from infection. The effectiveness of vaccination has been widely studied and verified; for example, the influenza vaccine, the HPV vaccine, and the chicken pox vaccine. Vaccination is the most effective method of preventing infectious diseases; widespread immunity due to vaccination is largely responsible for the worldwide eradication of smallpox and the restriction of diseases such as polio, measles, and tetanus from much of the world. The active agent of a vaccine may be intact but inactivated or attenuated forms of the causative pathogens, or purified components of the pathogen that have been found to be highly immunogenic. Toxoids are produced for immunization against toxin-based diseases, such as the modification of tetanospasmin toxin of tetanus to remove its toxic effect but retain its immunogenic effect. Smallpox was likely the first disease people tried to prevent by purposely inoculating themselves with other infections and was the first disease for which a vaccine was produced. The smallpox vaccine was designed in 1796 by the British physician Edward Jenner, although at least six people had used the same principles several years earlier. Louis Pasteur furthered the concept through his pioneering work in microbiology. The immunization was called vaccination because it was derived from a virus affecting cows. Smallpox was a contagious and deadly disease, causing the deaths of 20–60% of infected adults and over 80% of infected children. When smallpox was finally eradicated in 1979, during the 20th century alone it had killed an estimated 300–500 million people.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
. Inoculation with the matter of cowpox as a protection against smallpox, was introduced 1796-98 by Edward Jenner (q. v.), and at length adopted by the faculty after much opposition on the part of both medical men and the public.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
Translations for vaccination
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- očkování, vakcinaceCzech
- مایه کوبی, واکسیناسیونPersian
- ワクチン接種, 予防接種Japanese
- inenting, vaccinatieDutch
- achʼąąʼ adáʼatsʼiʼNavajo, Navaho
- vaccination, vaccineringSwedish
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