Definitions for sybarisˈsɪb ə rɪs
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word sybaris
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
Syb•a•risˈsɪb ə rɪs(n.)
an ancient Greek city in S Italy: noted for its wealth and luxury; destroyed 510 b .c .
Category: Ancient History, Geography (places)
Ancient Greek colony in south Italy, notable for the luxury of its inhabitants
Origin: From Sybaris, from Σύβαρις.
Sybaris was an important city of Magna Graecia. It was situated on the Gulf of Taranto between two rivers, the Crathis and the Sybaris. The city was founded in 720 BC by Achaean settlers, possibly accompanied by Troezenians. Sybaris amassed great wealth thanks to its fertile land and busy port. Its inhabitants became famous among the Greeks for their hedonism, feasts, and excesses, to the extent that "sybarite" and "sybaritic" have become bywords for opulent luxury and outrageous pleasure seeking. In 510 BC the city was conquered by its neighbor Crotone and its population was driven out. Two attempts to reoccupy the city failed around 476 BC and in 448 BC when the remaining Sybarites were again expelled by the Crotoniats. With the help of other Greek settlers the Sybarites finally succeeded when they founded Thurii in 446/445 BC, a new colony close to the site of Sybaris. The ruins of the Sybaris became forgotten as they were buried by sediment from the Crati river over time. The ruins were discovered again and excavated in the 1960's. Today they can be found south of Sibari, a frazione in the comune of Cassano allo Ionio in the Province of Cosenza, Calabria region, Italy.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
an ancient city of Magna Græcia, on the Gulf of Tarentum, flourished in the 17th century B.C., but in 510 B.C. was captured and totally obliterated by the rival colonists of Crotona; at the height of its prosperity the luxury and voluptuousness of the inhabitants was such as to become a byword throughout the ancient world, and henceforth a Sybaris city is a city of luxurious indulgence, and Sybarite a devotee of pleasure.
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