the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary
"there is a special cleaner for these surfaces"; "the cloth had a pattern of red dots on a white surface"
the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object
"they skimmed over the surface of the water"; "a brush small enough to clean every dental surface"; "the sun has no distinct surface"
surface, Earth's surface(noun)
the outermost level of the land or sea
"earthquakes originate far below the surface"; "three quarters of the Earth's surface is covered by water"
a superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of something
"it was not what it appeared to be on the surface"
information that has become public
"all the reports were out in the open"; "the facts had been brought to the surface"
airfoil, aerofoil, control surface, surface(adj)
a device that provides reactive force when in motion relative to the surrounding air; can lift or control a plane in flight
on the surface
"surface materials of the moon"
surface, come up, rise up, rise(verb)
come to the surface
put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface
"coat the cake with chocolate"
come on, come out, turn up, surface, show up(verb)
appear or become visible; make a showing
"She turned up at the funeral"; "I hope the list key is going to surface again"
To rise from the depths of a liquid to the surface; as, the submarine surfaced to recharge its batteries.
To become known or public; -- said of information.
To show up, as a person who was in hiding; as, he absconded with the payroll and surfaced in Argentina.
The up-side of a flat object such as a table, or of a liquid.
The outside hull of a tangible object.
The locus of an equation (especially one with exactly two degrees of freedom) in a more-than-two-dimensional space.
To provide something with a surface.
To apply a surface to something.
To rise to the surface.
To come out of hiding.
For information or facts to become known.
To work a mine near the surface.
To appear or be found.
the exterior part of anything that has length and breadth; one of the limits that bound a solid, esp. the upper face; superficies; the outside; as, the surface of the earth; the surface of a diamond; the surface of the body
hence, outward or external appearance
a magnitude that has length and breadth without thickness; superficies; as, a plane surface; a spherical surface
that part of the side which is terminated by the flank prolonged, and the angle of the nearest bastion
to give a surface to; especially, to cause to have a smooth or plain surface; to make smooth or plain
to work over the surface or soil of, as ground, in hunting for gold
Origin: [F. See Sur-, and Face, and cf. Superficial.]
In mathematics, specifically, in topology, a surface is a two-dimensional, topological manifold. The most familiar examples are those that arise as the boundaries of solid objects in ordinary three-dimensional Euclidean space R³ — for example, the surface of a ball. On the other hand, there are surfaces, such as the Klein bottle, that cannot be embedded in three-dimensional Euclidean space without introducing singularities or self-intersections. To say that a surface is "two-dimensional" means that, about each point, there is a coordinate patch on which a two-dimensional coordinate system is defined. For example, the surface of the Earth is a two-dimensional sphere, and latitude and longitude provide two-dimensional coordinates on it. The concept of surface finds application in physics, engineering, computer graphics, and many other disciplines, primarily in representing the surfaces of physical objects. For example, in analyzing the aerodynamic properties of an airplane, the central consideration is the flow of air along its surface.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
sur′fās, n. the exterior part of anything.—adj. Sur′faced, having a surface.—ns. Sur′faceman, a miner employed in open-air working: a workman employed in keeping a railway-bed in repair; Sur′face-print′ing, printing from a relief surface, as cotton-cloth; Sur′facer, one who, or that which, smooths or levels a surface; Sur′face-ten′sion, in liquids, that property in virtue of which a liquid surface behaves as if it were a stretched elastic membrane—say a sheet of india-rubber; Sur′face-wa′ter, drainage-water; Sur′facing, the act of giving a certain surface to anything. [Fr., from sur—L. super, and face—L. facies.]
The Standard Electrical Dictionary
A galvanic battery is arranged in surface when all the positive plates are connected together and all the negative plates are also connected. This makes it equivalent to one large cell, the surface of whose plates would be equal to the aggregate surface of the plates of the battery. It is also used as an adjective, as "a surface arrangement of battery."
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'surface' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #1099
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'surface' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2831
Rank popularity for the word 'surface' in Nouns Frequency: #431
The numerical value of surface in Chaldean Numerology is: 1
The numerical value of surface in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
A grain of gold will gild a great surface, but not so much as a grain of wisdom. - from Live Without Principle
From behind the Iron Curtain, there are signs that tyranny is in trouble and reminders that its structure is as brittle as its surface is hard.
All art is at once surface and symbol. Those who go beneath the surface do so at their own peril. Those who read the symbol do so at their own peril.
It turned out he was basically a very kind and generous man, which he covered up with his surface gruffness and his surface blusteriness, we had a good time doing it.
Crater counts of surface areas on Pluto indicate that it has surface regions dating to just after the formation of the planets of our solar system, about four billion years ago.
Images & Illustrations of surface
Translations for surface
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- superfícieCatalan, Valencian
- paljastua, tulla julkiFinnish
- surface, faire surfaceFrench
- karetai, mata, maiea, kārewaMāori
- dekke, overflateNorwegian
- oppervlak, opduiken, aan de oppervlakte brengen, boven water komenDutch
- dekke, overflateNorwegian Nynorsk
- выясняться, всплывать, поверхностьRussian
- изронити, pȍvršina, по̏вршина, ìsplivati, ѝспливати, izronitiSerbo-Croatian
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