an alloy of iron with small amounts of carbon; widely used in construction; mechanical properties can be varied over a wide range
sword, blade, brand, steel(noun)
a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard
knife sharpener consisting of a ridged steel rod
get ready for something difficult or unpleasant
cover, plate, or edge with steel
A metal alloy of mostly iron plus carbon, harder than pure elemental iron but malleable when hot.
A tool used to sharpen or hone knives; a .
A type of slide used in the practice of steel guitar.
Hardness; strength in adversity; mettle.
The harsh fall weather steeled them against the colder winter.
To cover with steel
To hone with a honing steel.
Origin: stele, stel, from Old English (North) stele, (South) style, from stahlijan (cf. West Frisian stiel), enlargement of stahlan (cf. staal, Stahl, Danish stål) from stak- ‘to stay, be firm’ (cf. Umbrian stakaz ‘upright, erected’, Avestan ‘strong’, Sanskrit ‘resist, strike against’).
a variety of iron intermediate in composition and properties between wrought iron and cast iron (containing between one half of one per cent and one and a half per cent of carbon), and consisting of an alloy of iron with an iron carbide. Steel, unlike wrought iron, can be tempered, and retains magnetism. Its malleability decreases, and fusibility increases, with an increase in carbon
an instrument or implement made of steel
a weapon, as a sword, dagger, etc
an instrument of steel (usually a round rod) for sharpening knives
a piece of steel for striking sparks from flint
fig.: Anything of extreme hardness; that which is characterized by sternness or rigor
a chalybeate medicine
to overlay, point, or edge with steel; as, to steel a razor; to steel an ax
to make hard or strong; hence, to make insensible or obdurate
fig.: To cause to resemble steel, as in smoothness, polish, or other qualities
to cover, as an electrotype plate, with a thin layer of iron by electrolysis. The iron thus deposited is very hard, like steel
Origin: [AS. stlan: cf. Icel. staela. See Steel, n.]
Steel is an alloy of iron and other elements, including carbon. When carbon is the primary alloying element, its content in the steel is between 0.002% and 2.1% by weight. The following elements are always present in steel: carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, silicon, and traces of oxygen, nitrogen and aluminum. Alloying elements intentionally added to modify the characteristics of steel include: manganese, nickel, chromium, molybdenum, boron, titanium, vanadium and niobium. Carbon and other elements act as a hardening agent, preventing dislocations in the iron atom crystal lattice from sliding past one another. Varying the amount of alloying elements and the form of their presence in the steel controls qualities such as the hardness, ductility, and tensile strength of the resulting steel. Steel with increased carbon content can be made harder and stronger than iron, but such steel is also less ductile than iron. Alloys with a higher than 2.1% carbon are known as cast iron. Because they are not malleable even when hot, they can be worked only by casting, and they have lower melting point and good castability. Steel is also distinguishable from wrought iron, which can contain a small amount of carbon, but it is included in the form of slag inclusions.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
stēl, n. iron combined in varying proportions with carbon for making edged tools: any instrument or weapon of steel: an instrument of steel for sharpening knives on: a strip of steel for stiffening a corset: a piece of steel for striking fire from a flint: extreme hardness: a chalybeate medicine.—adj. made of steel: hard, unfeeling.—v.t. to overlay or edge with steel: to harden: to make obdurate.—adj. Steel′-clad, clad with steel-mail.—ns. Steel′-engraving, the art of engraving pictures on steel plates from which impressions may be taken, the impression or print so taken; Steel′iness, state of being steely, great hardness; Steel′ing, the welding of a steel edge on a cutting instrument; Steel′-pen, a pen-nib made of steel; Steel′-plate, a plate of steel: a plate of polished steel on which a design is engraved, the print taken from such.—adj. Steel′-plāt′ed, plated with steel.—n.pl. Steel′-toys, small articles of steel as buttons, buckles, &c.—n. Steel′-ware, articles made of steel collectively.—adj. Steel′y, made of steel: steel-like. [A.S. stýle; Ger. stahl.]
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.
The Standard Electrical Dictionary
A compound of iron with carbon. The carbon may range from a few hundredths of one per cent. up to two per cent. For magnets, tool steel drawn to a straw color or a little lower is good. All shaping and filing should be done before magnetization.
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'steel' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #2774
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'steel' in Written Corpus Frequency: #2878
Rank popularity for the word 'steel' in Nouns Frequency: #1172
The numerical value of steel in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of steel in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
The hammer shatters glass but forges steel.
Yet after brick and steel and stone are gone, and flesh and blood are dust, the dream lives on.
My father always told me that all businessmen were sons of bitches, but I never believed it till now. (On steel industry executives who increased prices)
The finest workers in stone are not copper or steel tools, but the gentle touches of air and water working at their leisure with a liberal allowance of time.
It is not simply a matter of easing steel overcapacity, but a need to focus on structural adjustment and upgrading our country's steel sector to transform from a large steel nation to a strong steel nation.
Images & Illustrations of steel
Translations for steel
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- صلب, فولاذArabic
- acerCatalan, Valencian
- ocílka, ocelCzech
- Stahl, stählernGerman
- ατσάλι, χάλυβαςGreek
- فولاد, پولادPersian
- stàilinnScottish Gaelic
- फ़ूलाद, इस्पातHindi
- はがね, 鋼鉄Japanese
- chalybs, ferrum,Latin
- StolLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- острило, челикMacedonian
- baja, setal, keluli, besi baja, besi melelaMalay
- stålNorwegian Nynorsk
- béésh ntłʼizígííNavajo, Navaho
- болат, æндонOssetian, Ossetic
- atschal, itschal, atschelRomansh
- сталь, стально́йRussian
- ocjel, надо, оцјел, nado, челик, čelikSerbo-Croatian
- feleji, chuma cha puaSwahili
- เหล็กกล้า, เหล็กThai
- çelik, polatTurkish
- پولاتUyghur, Uighur
- сталь, крицяUkrainian
- اسپات, فولادUrdu
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