siege, besieging, beleaguering, military blockade(noun)
the action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place and isolates it while continuing to attack
To assault a blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition; to besiege.
Origin: From sege, from sege, siege, seige (modern French siège), from *, ultimately from sedes.
a seat; especially, a royal seat; a throne
hence, place or situation; seat
rank; grade; station; estimation
passage of excrements; stool; fecal matter
the sitting of an army around or before a fortified place for the purpose of compelling the garrison to surrender; the surrounding or investing of a place by an army, and approaching it by passages and advanced works, which cover the besiegers from the enemy's fire. See the Note under Blockade
hence, a continued attempt to gain possession
the floor of a glass-furnace
a workman's bench
to besiege; to beset
Origin: [OE. sege, OF. siege, F. sige a seat, a siege; cf. It. seggia, seggio, zedio, a seat, asseggio, assedio, a siege, F. assiger to besiege, It. & LL. assediare, L. obsidium a siege, besieging; all ultimately fr. L. sedere to sit. See Sit, and cf. See, n.]
A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by attrition or assault. The term derives from sedere, Latin for "to sit". Generally speaking, siege warfare is a form of constant, low-intensity conflict characterized by one party holding a strong, static defensive position. Consequently, an opportunity for negotiation between combatants is not uncommon, as proximity and fluctuating advantage can encourage diplomacy. A siege occurs when an attacker encounters a city or fortress that cannot be easily taken by a coup de main and refuses to surrender. Sieges involve surrounding the target and blocking the reinforcement or escape of troops or provision of supplies, typically coupled with attempts to reduce the fortifications by means of siege engines, artillery bombardment, mining, or the use of deception or treachery to bypass defences. Failing a military outcome, sieges can often be decided by starvation, thirst or disease, which can afflict either the attacker or defender. Sieges probably predate the development of cities as large population centres. Ancient cities in the Middle East show archaeological evidence of having had fortified city walls. During the Warring States era of ancient China, there is both textual and archaeological evidence of prolonged sieges and siege machinery used against the defenders of city walls. Siege machinery was also a tradition of the ancient Greco-Roman world. During the Renaissance and the Early Modern period, siege warfare dominated the conduct of war in Europe. Leonardo da Vinci gained as much of his renown from the design of fortifications as from his artwork.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
sēj, n. a sitting down with an army round or before a fortified place in order to take it by force: a continued endeavour to gain possession: (Shak.) a seat, throne, station: (Shak.) excrement: the floor of a glass-furnace: a workman's bench.—v.t. to lay siege to.—ns. Siege′-piece, a coin, generally of unusual shape and rude workmanship, issued in a besieged place during stress of siege; Siege′-train, the materials carried by an army for the purpose of laying siege to a place.—State of siege, a condition of things in which civil law is suspended or made subordinate to military law; Minor state of siege, a modification of the more severe rule in cases of merely domestic trouble. [O. Fr. sege (Fr. siège), seat—Low L. assedium=L. obsidium, a siege—sedēre, to sit.]
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The numerical value of siege in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of siege in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
One likes people much better when they're battered down by a prodigious siege of misfortune than when they triumph.
I have a special empathy for people who have lived under siege, the siege mentality is very particular, it never leaves you.
People have gone about their business and in the aftermath of the end of the siege last night, people have responded with typical Australian decency and generosity.
Therefore the skilful leader subdues the enemy's troops without any fighting; he captures their cities without laying siege to them; he overthrows their kingdom without lengthy operations in the field.
I know that left quite deep scars for him, if he had formed the view prior to this siege that he was going to inevitably go back to prison, whether he was guilty or not ... I can see that might have unhinged him.
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Translations for siege
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- setgeCatalan, Valencian
- obležení, obléhatCzech
- Belagerung, belagernGerman
- πολιορκία, πολιορκώGreek
- sitio, asedio, asediar, sitiarSpanish
- piiritys, piirittääFinnish
- siège, assiégerFrench
- sèistScottish Gaelic
- sitio, sitiar, cercar, asedio, cerco, asediarGalician
- ostromol, ostromHungarian
- asiejar, asiejoIdo
- assediare, assedioItalian
- 攻城戦, 包囲Japanese
- 포위 공격Korean
- obsidere, obsidiōLatin
- belegering, belegDutch
- beleiring, beleireNorwegian
- sítio, cerco, cercar, assédio, sitiar, assediarPortuguese
- блокада, осадить, осада, осаждатьRussian
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