Definitions for ransomˈræn səm
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word ransom
ransom, ransom money(noun)
money demanded for the return of a captured person
payment for the release of someone
the act of freeing from captivity or punishment
exchange or buy back for money; under threat
Money paid for the freeing of a hostage.
To deliver, especially in context of sin or relevant penalties.
To pay a price to set someone free from captivity or punishment.
to ransom prisoners from an enemy
To exact a ransom for, or a payment on.
Such lands as he had rule of he ransomed them so grievously, and would tax the men two or three times in a year. uE000176397uE001 Berners.
Origin: From the ransoun, from the rançon, from stem of redemptio. (See redemption.) Entered English ca. the 13th century
the release of a captive, or of captured property, by payment of a consideration; redemption; as, prisoners hopeless of ransom
the money or price paid for the redemption of a prisoner, or for goods captured by an enemy; payment for freedom from restraint, penalty, or forfeit
a sum paid for the pardon of some great offense and the discharge of the offender; also, a fine paid in lieu of corporal punishment
to redeem from captivity, servitude, punishment, or forfeit, by paying a price; to buy out of servitude or penalty; to rescue; to deliver; as, to ransom prisoners from an enemy
to exact a ransom for, or a payment on
Origin: [OE. raunson, raunsoun, OF. ranon, raenon, raanon, F. ranon, fr. L. redemptio, fr. redimere to redeem. See Redeem, and cf. Redemption.]
Ransom is the practice of holding a prisoner or item to extort money or property to secure their release, or it can refer to the sum of money involved. In an early German law, a similar concept was called bad influence. Julius Caesar was captured by pirates near the island of Pharmacusa, and held until someone paid 50 talents to free him. In Europe during the Middle Ages, ransom became an important custom of chivalric warfare. An important knight, especially nobility or royalty, was worth a significant sum of money if captured, but nothing if he was killed. For this reason, the practice of ransom contributed to the development of heraldry, which allowed knights to advertise their identities, and by implication their ransom value, and made them less likely to be killed out of hand. Examples include Richard the Lion Heart and Bertrand du Guesclin. When ransom means "payment", the word comes via Old French rançon from Latin redemptio = "buying back": compare "redemption". In Judaism ransom is called kofer-nefesh. Among other uses, the word was applied to the poll tax of a half shekel to be paid by every male above twenty years at the census. In 1532, Francisco Pizarro was paid a ransom amounting to a roomful of gold by the Inca Empire before having their leader Atahualpa, his victim, executed in a ridiculous trial. The ransom payment received by Pizarro is recognized as the largest ever paid to a single individual, probably over $2 billion in today's economic markets.
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Translations for ransom
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- rescatCatalan, Valencian
- vykoupit, výkupnéCzech
- Lösegeld, bezahlenGerman
- λυτρώνω, λύτραGreek
- rescate, rescatarSpanish
- lunnaat, lunnasrahaFinnish
- rançon, rançonnerFrench
- lausnargjald, lausnarféIcelandic
- выкуп, выкупа́ть, вы́купитьRussian
- otkupiti, откупнина, otkupnina, откупитиSerbo-Croatian
- lösen, lösensummaSwedish
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