the spontaneous emission of a stream of particles or electromagnetic rays in nuclear decay
a form of instability which is a property of the atomic nuclei of certain isotopes, which causes a spontaneous change in the structure of the nucleus, accompanied by emission of energetic radiation. The radiation emitted is usually sufficient to cause ionization in matter through which it passes, and is therefore called ionizing radiation. The radiation emitted by most radioactive substances is one of three types: alpha rays, beta rays, or gamma rays. Some chemical elements have no stable isotopes, and these are referred to as radioactive elements, and the element itself is said to possess radioactivity. The changes in radioactive nuclei which cause radiation in most cases cause the chemical identity of the nucleus itself to change, as when tritium (an isotope of hydrogen) emits a beta ray and converts to helium. The radioactive decay process is a first-order reaction, and the rate of decay of a particular isotope can therefore be expressed as the half life of the isotope, which is the time it takes for one half of the remaining undecayed isotope to decay, and is a constant independent of the proportion of original material which has already decayed. The half life of tritium, for example, is 12.3 years.
Spontaneous emission of ionizing radiation as a consequence of a nuclear reaction, or directly from the breakdown of an unstable nucleus.
The radiation so emitted; including gamma rays, alpha particles, neutrons, electrons, positrons, etc.
"Radioactivity" is a song written by Ralf Hütter, Florian Schneider and Emil Schult, and recorded by electronic band Kraftwerk as the title track of its 1975 album Radio-Activity.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The spontaneous transformation of a nuclide into one or more different nuclides, accompanied by either the emission of particles from the nucleus, nuclear capture or ejection of orbital electrons, or fission. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The numerical value of radioactivity in Chaldean Numerology is: 9
The numerical value of radioactivity in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
Images & Illustrations of radioactivity
Translations for radioactivity
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- radioactivitatCatalan, Valencian
- RadioaktivitéitLuxembourgish, Letzeburgesch
- radioaktivitetNorwegian Nynorsk
Get even more translations for radioactivity »
Find a translation for the radioactivity definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these radioactivity definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"radioactivity." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2018. Web. 18 Jan. 2018. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/radioactivity>.