Definitions for pacifismˈpæs əˌfɪz əm
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word pacifism
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
pac•i•fismˈpæs əˌfɪz əm(n.)
opposition to war or violence as a resort in the settlement of disputes.
refusal to engage in military activity because of one's principles or beliefs.
Origin of pacifism:
1905–10; < F pacifisme
pacifism, pacificism, passivism(noun)
the doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable
the belief that all international disputes can be settled by arbitration
The doctrine that disputes (especially between countries) should be settled without recourse to violence
The active opposition to such violence, especially the refusal to take part in military action
Origin: From pacifisme, from pacifique;
Pacifism is opposition to war and violence. The term "pacifism" was coined by the French peace campaigner Émile Arnaud and adopted by other peace activists at the tenth Universal Peace Congress in Glasgow in 1901. A word identifiable is ahimsa, core to Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism. While modern connotations are recent having been concretised in the centuries following the 19th, ancient references abound. The Hindu scripture Mahabharata states Jesus Christ has been ascribed to professing "love thy neighbour" and calling for foirgiveness to his crusifixors "for they know not what they do" . In the Modern times it was revived by Leo Tolstoy in his late works, particularly in "The Kingdom of God Is Within You." Mohandas Gandhi propounded the practice of steadfast nonviolent opposition which he called "satyagraha", instrumental in its role in the Indian Independence Movement. Its effectiveness served as inspiration to Martin Luther King Jr., James Lawson, James Bevel, and many others in the 1950s and '60s American Civil Rights Movement. Pacifism was widely associated with the much publicised image of Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 with the "Tank Man", where one protester stood in nonviolent opposition to a column of tanks.
Translations for pacifism
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
the belief that all war is wrong and that one must not take part in it.
- مُسالمه، مَذْهب السّلامArabic
- pacifismoPortuguese (BR)
- der PazifismusGerman
- مخالفت با جنگ و شرکت در آنFarsi
- مخالفت با جنگ و شرکت در آنPersian
- سوله غوښتنه ، دعسكرى قوت له استمعال سره مخالفتPashto
- mirovno gibanjeSlovenian
- barışseverlik, savaş aleyhtarlığıTurkish
- 和平主義Chinese (Trad.)
- امن پسندي کا نظريہ، صلح پسنديUrdu
- chủ nghĩa hoà bìnhVietnamese
- 和平主义Chinese (Simp.)
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