Definitions for osteoarthritisˌɒs ti oʊ ɑrˈθraɪ tɪs
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word osteoarthritis
osteoarthritis, degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease(noun)
chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
A form of arthritis, affecting mainly older people, caused by chronic degeneration of the cartilage and synovial membrane of the joints, leading to pain and stiffness.
Osteoarthritis also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease or osteoarthrosis, is a group of mechanical abnormalities involving degradation of joints, including articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Symptoms may include joint pain, tenderness, stiffness, locking, and sometimes an effusion. A variety of causes—hereditary, developmental, metabolic, and mechanical deficits—may initiate processes leading to loss of cartilage. When bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage, bone may be exposed and damaged. As a result of decreased movement secondary to pain, regional muscles may atrophy, and ligaments may become more lax. Treatment generally involves a combination of exercise, lifestyle modification, and analgesics. If pain becomes debilitating, joint replacement surgery may be used to improve the quality of life. OA is the most common form of arthritis, and the leading cause of chronic disability in the United States. It affects about 8 million people in the United Kingdom and nearly 27 million people in the United States.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.
Translations for osteoarthritis
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
Get even more translations for osteoarthritis »
Find a translation for the osteoarthritis definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these osteoarthritis definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"osteoarthritis." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 24 May 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/osteoarthritis>.