Definitions for osteoarthritisˌɒs ti oʊ ɑrˈθraɪ tɪs

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word osteoarthritis

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

os•te•o•ar•thri•tisˌɒs ti oʊ ɑrˈθraɪ tɪs(n.)

  1. arthritis marked by chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints leading to pain, stiffness, and swelling.

    Category: Pathology

    Ref: Also called degenerative joint disease.

Origin of osteoarthritis:

1875–80

Princeton's WordNet

  1. osteoarthritis, degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease(noun)

    chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age

Wiktionary

  1. osteoarthritis(Noun)

    A form of arthritis, affecting mainly older people, caused by chronic degeneration of the cartilage and synovial membrane of the joints, leading to pain and stiffness.

Freebase

  1. Osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease or osteoarthrosis, is a group of mechanical abnormalities involving degradation of joints, including articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Symptoms may include joint pain, tenderness, stiffness, locking, and sometimes an effusion. A variety of causes—hereditary, developmental, metabolic, and mechanical deficits—may initiate processes leading to loss of cartilage. When bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage, bone may be exposed and damaged. As a result of decreased movement secondary to pain, regional muscles may atrophy, and ligaments may become more lax. Treatment generally involves a combination of exercise, lifestyle modification, and analgesics. If pain becomes debilitating, joint replacement surgery may be used to improve the quality of life. OA is the most common form of arthritis, and the leading cause of chronic disability in the United States. It affects about 8 million people in the United Kingdom and nearly 27 million people in the United States.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Osteoarthritis

    A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.

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