Definitions for orissaɔˈrɪs ə, oʊˈrɪs ə
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word orissa
state in eastern India on the Bay of Bengal
State in eastern India which has Bhubaneshwar as its capital.
Origin: Modified from ଓର (ଉର). The source of the name Odisa/Orissa(ଓଡିଶା) modified form of ancient words Ora (ଓର) or Ura (ଉର) or Odra Desa or Sumera or Odra bisaya The earliest epigraphical reference to Odras is found in the Soro copper plate grant of Somadatta from which it is clear that Uttara Tosali with its visaya Sarepahara identified with Soro of Baleswar district was part of Odra Bisaya.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
the name of an ancient Indian kingdom, independent till 1568, and falling into British possession in 1803, is now restricted to the most south-easterly province of Bengal. It is larger than Wales, and comprises a hilly inland tract and an alluvial plain formed by the deltas of the Mahanadi, Brahmani, and Baitarani Rivers, well irrigated, and producing great crops of rice, wheat, pulse, and cotton. It has no railways, and poor roads; transport is by canal and river. Chief towns Cuttack, Balasor, and Puri. Orkney Islands
Odisha, is an Indian state on the subcontinent's eastern part. It is surrounded by the Indian states of West Bengal to the north-east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north-west, Telengana to the south-west and Andhra Pradesh to the south. Odisha also has approx 480 km of coastline stretched across Bay of Bengal on its east. It is the modern name of the ancient kingdom of Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in 261 BCE resulting in the bloody Kalinga War. The modern state of Orissa was established on 1 April 1936, as a province in British India and consisted predominantly of Oriya speakers. 1 April is therefore celebrated as Utkala Dibasa. The region is also known as Utkala when mentioned in India's national anthem, "Jana Gana Mana". Cuttack remained the capital of the state for over eight centuries until 13 April 1948 when Bhubaneswar was officially declared as the new state capital, a position it still holds. Odisha is the 9th largest state by area in India, and the 11th largest by population. Oriya is the official and most widely spoken language, spoken by three quarters of the population.
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