Definitions for organicismɔrˈgæn əˌsɪz əm
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word organicism
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
or•gan•i•cismɔrˈgæn əˌsɪz əm(n.)
Philos.the view that some systems resemble organisms in having parts that function in relation to the whole to which they belong. Cf. holism.
Pathol. the doctrine that all symptoms arise from organic disease.
a view of society as an autonomous entity analogous to and following the same developmental pattern as a biological organism.
Origin of organicism:
1850–55; organic+ -ism
theory that the total organization of an organism rather than the functioning of individual organs is the determinant of life processes
The treatment of society or the universe as if it were an organism
The theory that the total organization of an organism is more important than the functioning of its individual organs
The theory that disease is a result of structural alteration of organs
Organicism is the philosophical perspective which views the universe and its parts as organic wholes and - either by analogy or literally - as living organisms. It can be synonymous with holism. Organicism is an important tradition within the history of natural philosophy where it has remained as a vital current alongside reductionism and mechanism, the approaches that have dominated science since the seventeenth century. Plato is among the earliest philosophers to have regarded the universe as an intelligent living being. Organicism flourished for a period during the era of German romanticism during which time the new science of biology was first defined by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. Within modern-day biological sciences organicism is the approach that stresses the organization, rather than the composition, of organisms. William Emerson Ritter first used the term in this sense in 1919 after which it became well-accepted during the course of the 20th century.
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