an addictive narcotic extracted from seed capsules of the opium poppy
A yellow-brown, addictive narcotic drug obtained from the dried juice of unripe pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, and containing alkaloids such as morphine, codeine, and papaverine.
Anything that numbs or stupefies.
Origin: From opium and , from .
Opium is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy. Opium contains approximately 12% morphine, an alkaloid, which is frequently processed chemically to produce heroin for the illegal drug trade. The latex also includes the alkaloid codeine and its similarly structured cousin thebaine. It also contains the non-analgesic producing alkaloids such as papaverine and noscapine. The traditional, labor-intensive, method of obtaining the latex is to scratch the immature seed pods by hand; the latex leaks out and dries to a sticky yellowish residue that is later scraped off, and dehydrated. The word "meconium" historically referred to related, weaker preparations made from other parts of the poppy or different species of poppies. The production of opium itself has not changed since ancient times. Through selective breeding of the Papaver somniferum plant, the content of the phenanthrene alkaloids morphine, codeine, and to a lesser extent thebaine, has been greatly increased. In modern times, much of the thebaine, which often serves as the raw material for the synthesis for hydrocodone, hydromorphone, and other semi-synthetic opiates, originates from extracting Papaver orientale or Papaver bracteatum.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
ō′pi-um, n. the narcotic juice of the white poppy.—n. O′pium-eat′er, one who makes a habitual use of opium. [L.,—Gr. opion, dim. from opos, sap.]
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.
The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz
The real author of "The Dream Book."
The numerical value of opium in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of opium in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2
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Translations for opium
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- opiCatalan, Valencian
- અફીણ, અહિફેનGujarati
- अफ़ीम, अफेन, अहिफेनHindi
- apiun, candu, madatIndonesian
- 鴉片, 阿片Japanese
- ꦕꦤ꧀ꦢꦸ, ꦩꦢꦠ꧀Javanese
- opiummiKalaallisut, Greenlandic
- ಅಫೀಮು, ಎಲೆಮದ್ದುKannada
- opijus, opiumasLithuanian
- опиум, мансууруулагчMongolian
- ਅਫੀਮPanjabi, Punjabi
- opium, opium dla masPolish
- اپين, اپيمPashto, Pushto
- опий, опиумRussian
- о̀пијӯм, òpijūmSerbo-Croatian
- කංසා, මාඩා, අබිංSinhala, Sinhalese
- அபினி, அபின்Tamil
- అభిని, నల్లమందుTelugu
- ampyon, opyo, apyanTagalog
- thuốc phiện, á phiệnVietnamese
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