Definitions for opiumˈoʊ pi əm
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word opium
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
o•pi•umˈoʊ pi əm(n.)
the dried, condensed juice of the seed capsules of a poppy, Papaver somniferum, that has a narcotic effect and contains morphine, codeine, papaverine, and other alkaloids.
Category: Pharmacology, Plants
Ref: opiate (def. 3). 3
Origin of opium:
1350–1400; ME < L < Gk ópion poppy juice
an addictive narcotic extracted from seed capsules of the opium poppy
A yellow-brown, addictive narcotic drug obtained from the dried juice of unripe pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, and containing alkaloids such as morphine, codeine, and papaverine.
Anything that numbs or stupefies.
Origin: From opium and , from .
Opium is the dried latex obtained from the opium poppy. Opium contains approximately 12% morphine, an alkaloid, which is frequently processed chemically to produce heroin for the illegal drug trade. The latex also includes the alkaloid codeine and its similarly structured cousin thebaine. It also contains the non-analgesic producing alkaloids such as papaverine and noscapine. The traditional, labor-intensive, method of obtaining the latex is to scratch the immature seed pods by hand; the latex leaks out and dries to a sticky yellowish residue that is later scraped off, and dehydrated. The word "meconium" historically referred to related, weaker preparations made from other parts of the poppy or different species of poppies. The production of opium itself has not changed since ancient times. Through selective breeding of the Papaver somniferum plant, the content of the phenanthrene alkaloids morphine, codeine, and to a lesser extent thebaine, has been greatly increased. In modern times, much of the thebaine, which often serves as the raw material for the synthesis for hydrocodone, hydromorphone, and other semi-synthetic opiates, originates from extracting Papaver orientale or Papaver bracteatum.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The air-dried exudate from the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum, or its variant, P. album. It contains a number of alkaloids, but only a few - MORPHINE; CODEINE; and PAPAVERINE - have clinical significance. Opium has been used as an analgesic, antitussive, antidiarrheal, and antispasmodic.
The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz
The real author of "The Dream Book."
Translations for opium
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a drug made from the dried juice of a type of poppy.
- أفْيون: مُخَدِّرArabic
- ópioPortuguese (BR)
- das OpiumGerman
- 鴉片Chinese (Trad.)
- опіум, опійUkrainian
- thuốc phiệnVietnamese
- 鸦片Chinese (Simp.)
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