psalterium, omasum, third stomach(noun)
the third compartment of the stomach of a ruminant
The third part of the stomach of a ruminant.
Origin: From omasum
The omasum, also known as the bible, the fardel, the manyplies and the psalterium, is the third compartment of the stomach in ruminants. Though its functions have not been well-studied, it appears to primarily aid in the absorption of water, magnesium, and the volatile fatty acids produced by rumen fermentation, that have not been absorbed into the bloodstream yet. The numerous folds of its mucosa are thought to trap digesta particles so the maximum amount of nutrients may be absorbed. There is some evidence that the contractions of the omasum can propel large particles backwards through the reticulorumen orifice, the junction connecting the omasum with the reticulorumen, into the reticulorumen, the first compartment of the ruminant stomach. In this way, the omasum allows large particles, which still likely contain appreciable amounts of fermentable substrate, to be further digested in the reticulorumen.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
ō-mā′sum, n. a ruminant's third stomach, the psalterium or manyplies.—adj. Omā′sal.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The third stomach of ruminants, situated on the right side of the abdomen at a higher level than the fourth stomach and between this latter and the second stomach, with both of which it communicates. From its inner surface project large numbers of leaves or folia, each of which possesses roughened surfaces. In the center of each folium is a band of muscle fibers which produces a rasping movement of the leaf when it contracts. One leaf rubs against those on either side of it, and large particles of food material are ground down between the rough surfaces, preparatory to further digestion in the succeeding parts of the alimentary canal. (Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
The numerical value of omasum in Chaldean Numerology is: 7
The numerical value of omasum in Pythagorean Numerology is: 1
Images & Illustrations of omasum
Translations for omasum
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
Get even more translations for omasum »
Find a translation for the omasum definition in other languages:
Select another language: