Definitions for nankingˈnɑnˈkɪŋ, ˈnæn-
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word nanking
a city in eastern China on the Yangtze River; a former capital of China; the scene of a Japanese massacre in the 1930s
Alternative and older name of Nanjing.
Nanking is a 2007 film about the 1937 Nanking Massacre committed by the Japanese army in the former capital city Nanjing, China. The film draws on letters and diaries from the era as well as archive footage and interviews with surviving victims and perpetrators of the massacre. Contemporary actors play the roles of the Western missionaries, professors, and businessmen who formed the Nanking Safety Zone to protect the city's civilians from Japanese forces. Particular attention is paid to John Rabe, a German businessman who organized the Nanking Safety Zone, Robert O. Wilson, a surgeon who remained in Nanking to care for legions of victims, and Minnie Vautrin, a missionary educator who rendered aid to thousands of Nanking's women. The film uses the older romanization of the city's name, "Nanking", for its title. This choice was likely made to maintain continuity between the film and texts from the era. The standard modern romanization in mainland China, Hanyu Pinyin, renders the city's name as "Nanjing".
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
an ancient city, and up to the 15th century the capital of China, is situated on the Yangtse River, 130 m. from its mouth; between 1853 and 1864 its finest buildings were destroyed by the Taiping rebels; its manufactures of nankeen and satin and of its once famous pottery and artificial flowers have fallen off, but it still continues the chief seat of letters and learning in China.
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