large-eyed arboreal prosimian having foxy faces and long furry tails
Any prosimian of the infraorder Lemuriformes, native only to Madagascar and some surrounding islands.
Origin: From lemurēs (pl. only), "spirits of the night" (probably from the animals' nocturnal behaviour/behavior and large, reflective eyes).
one of a family (Lemuridae) of nocturnal mammals allied to the monkeys, but of small size, and having a sharp and foxlike muzzle, and large eyes. They feed upon birds, insects, and fruit, and are mostly natives of Madagascar and the neighboring islands, one genus (Galago) occurring in Africa. The slow lemur or kukang of the East Indies is Nycticebus tardigradus. See Galago, Indris, and Colugo
Origin: [L., a ghost, specter. So called on account of its habit of going abroad by night.]
Lemurs are a clade of strepsirrhine primates endemic to the island of Madagascar. The word "lemur" derives from the word lemures from Roman mythology and was first used to describe a slender loris due to its nocturnal habits and slow pace, but was later applied to the primates on Madagascar. Although lemurs often are confused with ancestral primates, the anthropoid primates did not evolve from them; instead, lemurs merely share morphological and behavioral traits with basal primates. Lemurs arrived in Madagascar around 62 to 65 mya by rafting on mats of vegetation at a time when ocean currents favored oceanic dispersal to the island. Since that time, lemurs have evolved to cope with an extremely seasonal environment and their adaptations give them a level of diversity that rivals that of all other primate groups. Until shortly after humans arrived on the island around 2,000 years ago, there were lemurs as large as a male gorilla. Today, there are nearly 100 species of lemurs, and most of those species have been discovered or promoted to full species status since the 1990s; however, lemur taxonomic classification is controversial and depends on which species concept is used. Even the higher-level taxonomy is disputed, with some experts preferring to place most lemurs within the infraorder Lemuriformes, while others prefer Lemuriformes to contain all living strepsirrhines, placing all lemurs in superfamily Lemuroidea and all lorises and galagos in superfamily Lorisoidea.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
lē′mur, n. a genus of mammals appearing to stand between the Insectivora and the monkeys, forest dwellers, mainly nocturnal in habits, common in Madagascar. [L. lemur, a ghost.]
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A genus of the family Lemuridae consisting of five species: L. catta (ring-tailed lemur), L. fulvus, L. macaco (acoumba or black lemur), L. mongoz (mongoose lemur), and L. variegatus (white lemur). Most members of this genus occur in forested areas on Madagascar and the Comoro Islands.
The numerical value of lemur in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of lemur in Pythagorean Numerology is: 6
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Translations for lemur
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- lèmurCatalan, Valencian
- Lemur, LemureGerman
- makimainen puoliapinaFinnish
- maki, makimajomHungarian
- 狐猿, キツネザルJapanese
- mágí bitseeʼ noodǫ́zígííNavajo, Navaho
- лѐмӯр, lèmūrSerbo-Croatian
- vượn cáoVietnamese
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