Definitions for jocastadʒoʊˈkæs tə

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word jocasta

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  1. Jocasta(noun)

    (Greek mythology) queen of Thebes who unknowingly married her own son Oedipus

WiktionaryRate this definition:(0.00 / 0 votes)

  1. Jocasta(ProperNoun)

    The mother and wife of Oedipus.

  2. Jocasta(ProperNoun)

    .

  3. Origin: Ἰοκάστη

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  1. Jocasta

    In Greek mythology, Jocasta, also known as Jocaste, Epikastê, or Iokastê was a daughter of Menoeceus and Queen consort of Thebes, Greece. She was the wife of Laius, mother of Oedipus, and both mother and grandmother of Antigone, Eteocles, Polynices and Ismene. She was also sister of Creon and mother-in-law of Haimon. After his abduction and rape of Chrysippus, Laius married Jocasta, the daughter of Menoeceus, a descendant of the Spartoi. Laius received an oracle from Delphi which told him that he must not have a child with his wife, or the child would kill him and marry her; in another version, recorded by Aeschylus, Laius is warned that he can only save the city if he dies childless. One night, however, Laius became drunk and fathered Oedipus with Jocasta. After the baby's birth, Jocasta handed him over to Laius. Jocasta or Laius pierced and pinned the infant's ankles together. Laius then instructed his chief shepherd, a slave who had been born in the palace, to expose the infant on Mount Cithaeron. There, Lauis's shepherd taking pity on the infant gave him to another shepherd, who was the shepherd of the childless King Polybus, married to Queen Merope of Corinth who raised the infant to adulthood.

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