Definitions for iquitosiˈki tɔs
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Iquitos is the largest city in the Peruvian rainforest and the capital of the Loreto Region and Maynas Province. The city is considered the sixth largest city of Peru, with 457,865 inhabitants. Furthermore, it is the heart of what has been officially designated as the Iquitos Metropolitan Area. A honeypot, Iquitos is the hub where the food, culture, customs, worldview, and historical landmarks of Loreto meet. Its nickname as the Capital of the Peruvian Amazon acquired international status by hosting the commemorative plaque of the Amazon River as one of the seven natural wonders of the world. Iquitos is located on the left bank of the Amazon river, in northeastern Peru. The city consists of four districts – Iquitos, Belen, Punchana, and San Juan Bautista – that were created gradually as Iquitos grew and finally consolidated in 1999. Its founding date is uncertain, but historical documents state that Iquitos started as a Spanish reduction established by Jesuits along the Nanay River c. 1757 with the name "San Pablo de Napeanos," inhabited by indigenous Napeano and Iquito people. In the course of its history, the city had a strong showing in the rubber boom, a period of large economic and social development that gave this city its unique urban and cultural identity. Because of this, it has the largest gringo enclave in Peru.
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