Definitions for gladius
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word gladius
A Roman sword roughly two feet long.
pen, the internal skeleton of squid made of chitin-like material
Origin: From the gladius.
the internal shell, or pen, of cephalopods like the squids
Origin: [L., a sword.]
Gladius was one Latin word for sword and is used to represent the primary sword of Ancient Roman foot soldiers. Early ancient Roman swords were similar to those used by the Greeks. From the 3rd century BC, the Romans adopted swords similar to those used by the Celtiberians and others during the early part of the conquest of Hispania. This sword was known as the Gladius Hispaniensis, or "Spanish Sword". A fully equipped Roman legionary was armed with a shield, one or two javelins, a sword, often a dagger, and perhaps, in the later Empire period, darts. Conventionally, the javelins would be thrown to disable the shields of the enemy before engaging in close combat, for which the gladius would be drawn. The soldier generally led with his shield and thrust with his sword. All types of gladius appear to have also been suitable for cutting and chopping motions as well as for thrusting.
Find a translation for the gladius definition in other languages:
Select another language: