Definitions for fatimidˈfæt ə mɪd; -ˌmaɪt
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word fatimid
A member of a Muslim dynasty in North Africa and Egypt (Approx CE 900-1200).
The Fatimid Caliphate was a Shia Islamic caliphate, which spanned a large area of North Africa, from the Red Sea in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The dynasty ruled across the Mediterranean coast of Africa and ultimately made Egypt the centre of the caliphate. At its height, the caliphate included in addition to Egypt varying areas of the Maghreb, Sudan, Sicily, the Levant, and Hijaz. The Fatimids claimed to be descended from Fatima bint Muhammad, the daughter of Islamic prophet Muhammad. The Fatimids conquered North Africa and their Fatimid state took shape among the Kutama, in the Western North of Africa, particularly Algeria in 909 conquering Raqqada, the Aghlabid capital. In 921, Fatimid established the Tunisian city of Mahdia as their new capital. In 948 they shifted their capital to Al-Mansuriya, near Kairouan, Tunisia. In 969 they conquered Egypt and established Cairo as the capital of their caliphate, and Egypt became the political, cultural, and religious centre of their empire. The ruling class belonged to the Ismaili branch of Shi'ism, as did the leaders of the dynasty.
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