Definitions for edta

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Random House Webster's College Dictionary

EDTA

  1. ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid: a colorless compound, C10H16N2O8, capable of chelating a variety of divalent metal cations: used in food preservation, as an anticoagulant, and in the treatment of heavy-metal poisonings.

    Category: Chemistry, Pharmacology

Freebase

  1. Edetic Acid

    Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, widely abbreviated as EDTA, is an aminopolycarboxylic acid and a colourless, water-soluble solid. Its conjugate base is named ethylenediaminetetraacetate. It is widely used to dissolve limescale. Its usefulness arises because of its role as a hexadentate ligand and chelating agent, i.e., its ability to "sequester" metal ions such as Ca²⁺ and Fe³⁺. After being bound by EDTA, metal ions remain in solution but exhibit diminished reactivity. EDTA is produced as several salts, notably disodium EDTA and calcium disodium EDTA.

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