Definitions for edinburghˈɛd nˌbɜr ə, -ˌbʌr ə; esp. Brit. -brə
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word edinburgh
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
Ed•in•burghˈɛd nˌbɜr ə, -ˌbʌr ə; esp. Brit. -brə(n.)
Ref: Philip2 (def. 3). 1 4
the capital of Scotland, in the SE part, in the Lothian region. 470,085.
Category: Geography (places)
the capital of Scotland; located in the Lothian Region on the south side of the Firth of Forth
The capital of Scotland.
Origin: From burg, castle, from burgz, from bhrgh.
Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland, situated on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth. With a population of 495,360 in 2011, it is the largest settlement in Lothian and lies at the centre of a larger urban zone of approximately 850,000 people. While the town originally formed on the ridge descending from the Castle Rock, the modern city is often said to be built on seven hills. From its prehistoric roots as a hillfort, following periods of Celtic and Germanic influence, Edinburgh became part of the Kingdom of Scotland during the 10th century. With burgh charters granted by David I and Robert the Bruce, Edinburgh grew through the Middle Ages as Scotland’s biggest merchant town. By the time of the European Renaissance and the reign of James IV it was well established as Scotland's capital. The 16th century Scottish Reformation and 18th century Scottish Enlightenment were formative periods in the history of the city, with Edinburgh playing a central role in both. While political power shifted to London following the Treaty of Union in 1707, with devolution in 1997 the city has seen the return of a Scottish parliament. Edinburgh has a high proportion of independent schools, one college and four universities. The University of Edinburgh is the biggest university in Scotland and ranked 21st in the world. These institutions help provide a highly educated population and a dynamic economy. Edinburgh has the UK's strongest economy outside London and was named European Best Large City of the Future for Foreign Direct Investment by fDi Magazine in 2012/13.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
the capital of Scotland, on the Firth of Forth, picturesquely situated amid surrounding hills; derives its name from Edwin, king of Northumbria in the 7th century; was created a burgh in 1329 by Robert the Bruce, and recognised as the capital in the 15th century, under the Stuarts; it has absorbed in its growth adjoining municipalities; is noted as an educational centre; is the seat of the Supreme Courts; has a university, castle, and royal palace, and the old Scotch Parliament House, now utilised by the Law Courts; brewing and printing are the chief industries, but the upper classes of the citizens are for the most part either professional people or living in retirement.
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