Definitions for cyanideˈsaɪ əˌnaɪd, -nɪd
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word cyanide
nitrile, nitril, cyanide(noun)
any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
an extremely poisonous salt of hydrocyanic acid
Any compound containing the -Cu2261N radical or the Cu2261N anion.
potassium cyanide - a water soluble poison
hydrogen cyanide, or cyanide gas - a poisonous gas
a compound formed by the union of cyanogen with an element or radical
Origin: [Cf. F. cyanide. See Cyanic.]
A cyanide is any chemical compound that contains monovalent combining group CN. This group, known as the cyano group, consists of a carbon atom triple-bonded to a nitrogen atom. In inorganic cyanides, such as sodium cyanide, NaCN, this group is present as the negatively-charged polyatomic cyanide ion; these compounds, which are regarded as salts of hydrocyanic acid, are highly toxic. The cyanide ion is isoelectronic with carbon monoxide and with molecular nitrogen. Most cyanides are highly toxic. Organic cyanides are usually called nitriles; in these, the CN group is linked by a covalent bond to a carbon-containing group, such as methyl in methyl cyanide. Hydrocyanic acid, also known as hydrogen cyanide, or HCN, is a highly volatile liquid used to prepare acrylonitrile, which is used in the production of acrylic fibers, synthetic rubber, and plastics. Cyanides are employed in a number of chemical processes, including fumigation, case hardening of iron and steel, electroplating, and the concentration of ores. In nature, substances yielding cyanide are present in certain seeds, such as the pit of the wild cherry.
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