Definitions for carbohydrateˌkɑr boʊˈhaɪ dreɪt, -bə-
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word carbohydrate
carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar(noun)
an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
A sugar, starch, or cellulose that is a food source of energy for an animal or plant; a saccharide.
These microbes are primarily responsible for breaking down cellulose and other carbohydrates into volatile fatty acids (VFAs).
Origin: From their general formula C(HO); they were once thought to be hydrates of carbon.
one of a group of compounds including the sugars, starches, and gums, which contain six (or some multiple of six) carbon atoms, united with a variable number of hydrogen and oxygen atoms, but with the two latter always in proportion as to form water; as dextrose, C6H12O6
Origin: [Carbon + hydrate.]
A carbohydrate is an organic compound that consists only of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually with a hydrogen:oxygen atom ratio of 2:1; in other words, with the empirical formula Cmn. Some exceptions exist; for example, deoxyribose, a sugar component of DNA, has the empirical formula C5H10O4. Carbohydrates are not technically hydrates of carbon; structurally it is more accurate to view them as polyhydroxy aldehydes and ketones. The term is most common in biochemistry, where it is a synonym of saccharide. The carbohydrates are divided into four chemical groupings: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. In general, the monosaccharides and disaccharides, which are smaller carbohydrates, are commonly referred to as sugars. The word saccharide comes from the Greek word σάκχαρον, meaning "sugar." While the scientific nomenclature of carbohydrates is complex, the names of the monosaccharides and disaccharides very often end in the suffix -ose. For example, grape sugar is the monosaccharide glucose, cane sugar is the disaccharide sucrose, and milk sugar is the disaccharide lactose.
Translations for carbohydrate
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- carbohidratCatalan, Valencian
- sacharid, karbohydrátCzech
- carbohidrato, hidrato de carbonoSpanish
- gualaisgScottish Gaelic
- karbohydratNorwegian Nynorsk
- kolhydrat, kullhydratNorwegian
Get even more translations for carbohydrate »
Find a translation for the carbohydrate definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these carbohydrate definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"carbohydrate." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 30 Mar. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/carbohydrate>.