Definitions for benignbɪˈnaɪn
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word benign
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
of kindly disposition; gracious:
a benign king.
showing or expressive of gentleness or kindness.
Origin of benign:
1275–1325; ME benigne < AF, OF < L benignus kind, generous
not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence
"a benign smile"; "the benign sky"; "the benign influence of pure air"
kindness of disposition or manner
"the benign ruler of millions"; "benign intentions"
Not posing any serious threat to health; not particularly aggressive or recurrent.
Kind; gentle; mild.
Origin: Via French from benignus, from bonus + genus. Compare malign.
of a kind or gentle disposition; gracious; generous; favorable; benignant
exhibiting or manifesting kindness, gentleness, favor, etc.; mild; kindly; salutary; wholesome
of a mild type or character; as, a benign disease
A benign tumor is a mass of cells that lacks the ability to invade neighboring tissue or metastasize. These characteristics are required for a tumor to be defined as cancerous and therefore benign tumors are non-cancerous. Also, benign tumors generally have a slower growth rate than malignant tumors and the tumor cells are usually more differentiated. Benign tumors are typically surrounded by an outer surface or remain with the epithelium. Common examples of benign tumors include moles and uterine fibroids. Although benign tumors will not metastasize or locally invade tissues, some types may still produce negative health effects. The growth of benign tumors produce a "mass effect" that can compress tissues and may cause nerve damage, reduction of blood to an area of the body, tissue death and organ damage. The mass effect of tumors are more prominent if the tumor is within an enclosed space such as the cranium, respiratory tract, sinus or inside bones. Tumors of endocrine tissues may overproduce certain hormones, especially when the cells are well differentiated. Examples include thyroid adenomas and adrenocortical adenomas.
Translations for benign
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
a benign smile.
- goeie, minsameAfrikaans
- لَطيف، رَقيقArabic
- bondosoPortuguese (BR)
- vlídný, laskavýCzech
- venligsindet; mild; venligDanish
- benigno, bondadosoSpanish
- טוֹב לֵבHebrew
- laipns; vēlīgsLatvian
- senyuman mesraMalay
- mild, velvilligNorwegian
- vľúdny, dobrotivýSlovak
- välvillig, godhjärtadSwedish
- yumuşak huylu, iyi kalpli, merhametliTurkish
- 慈祥的，和藹的Chinese (Trad.)
- добрий, лагіднийUkrainian
- مہربان ، شفیقUrdu
- nhân từVietnamese
- 慈祥的，和蔼的Chinese (Simp.)
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