Definitions for basebeɪs
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word base
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
base*beɪs(n.; adj.; v.)based, bas•ing.
(n.)a bottom support; that on which a thing stands or rests.
a fundamental principle; basis.
the bottom layer or coating, as of makeup or paint.
the distinctively treated portion of a column or pier below the shaft. the distinctively treated lowermost portion of any structure, as a monument or exterior wall.
the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment. the point of attachment.
Category: Zoology, Botany
the principal element or ingredient of anything, considered as its fundamental part:
house paint with a lead base.
a starting point or point of departure.
any of the four corners of a baseball diamond, esp. first, second, or third base. a square canvas sack marking first, second, or third base.
Ref: Compare home plate.
a usu. fortified place from which military operations proceed. a supply installation for a large military force.
the lower side or surface of a geometric figure; the side or surface to which an altitude can be drawn. the number that serves as a starting point for a logarithmic or other numerical system. the number of symbols used in a numerical system:
The base in the decimal system is 10, in the binary system 2.
Ref: Also called baseline.; See under triangulation (def. 1). 1
a thin, flexible layer of cellulose triacetate or similar material on photographic film that holds the light-sensitive emulsion and other coatings.
Category: Motion Pictures, Photography
a chemical compound that reacts with an acid to form a salt. the hydroxide of a metal or of an electropositive element or group. a group or molecule that accepts protons. a molecule or ion containing an atom with a free pair of electrons that can be donated to an acid.
Genetics. any of the purine or pyrimidine compounds that constitute a portion of the nucleotide molecule of DNA or RNA: adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine, or uracil.
Ref: Compare base pair.
the part of a complex word, consisting of one or more morphemes, to which derivational or inflectional affixes may be added, as want in unwanted or biolog- in biological.
Ref: Compare root1 (def. 10) 1 1 11 , stem1 (def. 10). 1 16
the component of a generative grammar containing the lexicon and phrase-structure rules that generate the deep structure of sentences.
Category: Common Vocabulary, Language/Linguistics
Heraldry. the lower part of an escutcheon.
Ref: pavilion (def. 5). 6
(adj.)serving as or forming a base:
the explorer's base camp.
(v.t.)to make or form a base or foundation for.
to establish, as a fact or conclusion (usu. fol. by on or upon):
to base an assumption on evidence.
to place or establish on a base or basis; ground; found (usu. fol. by on or upon):
Our plan is based on an upturn in the economy.
to station, place, or situate (usu. fol. by at or on):
The general is based at Fort Benning.
(v.i.)to have a basis; be based.
to have or maintain a base.
Idioms for base:
off base, (in baseball) not touching a base. badly mistaken.
Category: Idiom, Sport
touch base,to get into contact.
* Syn: base , basis , foundation refer to anything upon which a structure is built and upon which it rests. base usu. refers to a physical supporting structure: the base of a statue. basis more often refers to a figurative support: the basis of a report. foundation implies a solid, secure understructure.
Origin of base:
1275–1325; ME (n.) < MF < L basisbasis ; cf. prisoner's base
morally low; contemptible:
of little or no value; worthless:
debased or counterfeit:
of illegitimate birth.
held by or characteristic of villeinage.
Archaic. of humble origin or station. of small height. low in place, position, or degree.
Obs. deep or grave in sound; bass.
* Syn: See mean2.
Origin of base:
1350–1400; ME bas < OF < LL bassus low, short, perh. of Oscan orig.
base, base of operations(noun)
installation from which a military force initiates operations
"the attack wiped out our forward bases"
foundation, base, fundament, foot, groundwork, substructure, understructure(noun)
lowest support of a structure
"it was built on a base of solid rock"; "he stood at the foot of the tower"
a place that the runner must touch before scoring
"he scrambled to get back to the bag"
the bottom or lowest part
"the base of the mountain"
(anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment
"the base of the skull"
a lower limit
"the government established a wage floor"
basis, base, foundation, fundament, groundwork, cornerstone(noun)
the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained
"the whole argument rested on a basis of conjecture"
base, pedestal, stand(noun)
a support or foundation
"the base of the lamp"
a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water
"bases include oxides and hydroxides of metals and ammonia"
the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed
"the base of the triangle"
the most important or necessary part of something
"the basis of this drink is orange juice"
(numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place
"10 is the radix of the decimal system"
the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end
al-Qaeda, Qaeda, al-Qa'ida, al-Qaida, Base(noun)
a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries
root, root word, base, stem, theme, radical(noun)
(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed
"thematic vowels are part of the stem"
the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area
"the industrial base of Japan"
the principal ingredient of a mixture
"glycerinated gelatin is used as a base for many ointments"; "he told the painter that he wanted a yellow base with just a hint of green"; "everything she cooked seemed to have rice as the base"
a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit
"a tub should sit on its own base"
(electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector
serving as or forming a base
"the painter applied a base coat followed by two finishing coats"
base, baseborn, humble, lowly(adj)
of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense)
"baseborn wretches with dirty faces"; "of humble (or lowly) birth"
(used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal
"base coins of aluminum"; "a base metal"
not adhering to ethical or moral principles
"base and unpatriotic motives"; "a base, degrading way of life"; "cheating is dishonorable"; "they considered colonialism immoral"; "unethical practices in handling public funds"
base, mean, meanspirited(adj)
having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality
"that liberal obedience without which your army would be a base rabble"- Edmund Burke; "taking a mean advantage"; "chok'd with ambition of the meaner sort"- Shakespeare; "something essentially vulgar and meanspirited in politics"
debased; not genuine
"an attempt to eliminate the base coinage"
establish, base, ground, found(verb)
use as a basis for; found on
"base a claim on some observation"
situate as a center of operations
"we will base this project in the new lab"
use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
Kernerman English Learner's Dictionary
the bottom part
the base of the mountain; a statue's marble base
a place where military employees live and work
an army base
the main place of a person's or organization's activities
the company's base of operations; I used my friend's house as a base for exploring the area.
people who regularly support or use sth
our customer base; the Republican base
(in baseball) one of the four places a runner must touch
the main part of a mixture
a polish with an oil base
to do everything needed to complete sth
If we've covered all the bases, then we can go home.
wrong or inaccurate
The rumors are way off base.
to make a place be the main location of an organization's activities
The company is based in Detroit.; the Florida-based charity
of little, or less than the usual, height; of low growth; as, base shrubs
low in place or position
of humble birth; or low degree; lowly; mean
illegitimate by birth; bastard
of little comparative value, as metal inferior to gold and silver, the precious metals
alloyed with inferior metal; debased; as, base coin; base bullion
morally low. Hence: Low-minded; unworthy; without dignity of sentiment; ignoble; mean; illiberal; menial; as, a base fellow; base motives; base occupations
not classical or correct
deep or grave in sound; as, the base tone of a violin
not held by honorable service; as, a base estate, one held by services not honorable; held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant, a base tenant
the bottom of anything, considered as its support, or that on which something rests for support; the foundation; as, the base of a statue
fig.: The fundamental or essential part of a thing; the essential principle; a groundwork
the lower part of a wall, pier, or column, when treated as a separate feature, usually in projection, or especially ornamented
the lower part of a complete architectural design, as of a monument; also, the lower part of any elaborate piece of furniture or decoration
that extremity of a leaf, fruit, etc., at which it is attached to its support
the positive, or non-acid component of a salt; a substance which, combined with an acid, neutralizes the latter and forms a salt; -- applied also to the hydroxides of the positive elements or radicals, and to certain organic bodies resembling them in their property of forming salts with acids
the chief ingredient in a compound
a substance used as a mordant
the exterior side of the polygon, or that imaginary line which connects the salient angles of two adjacent bastions
the line or surface constituting that part of a figure on which it is supposed to stand
the number from which a mathematical table is constructed; as, the base of a system of logarithms
a low, or deep, sound. (Mus.) (a) The lowest part; the deepest male voice. (b) One who sings, or the instrument which plays, base
a place or tract of country, protected by fortifications, or by natural advantages, from which the operations of an army proceed, forward movements are made, supplies are furnished, etc
the smallest kind of cannon
that part of an organ by which it is attached to another more central organ
the basal plane of a crystal
the ground mass of a rock, especially if not distinctly crystalline
the lower part of the field. See Escutcheon
the housing of a horse
a kind of skirt ( often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armor) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower
the lower part of a robe or petticoat
the point or line from which a start is made; a starting place or a goal in various games
a line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles
a rustic play; -- called also prisoner's base, prison base, or bars
any one of the four bounds which mark the circuit of the infield
to put on a base or basis; to lay the foundation of; to found, as an argument or conclusion; -- used with on or upon
to abase; to let, or cast, down; to lower
to reduce the value of; to debase
A base in chemistry is a substance that can accept hydrogen cations or, more generally, donate a pair of valence electrons. A soluble base is called an alkali if it contains and releases hydroxide ions quantitatively. The Brønsted-Lowry theory defines bases as proton acceptors, while the more general Lewis theory defines bases as electron pair donors, including Lewis acids other than protons. The oldest Arrhenius theory defines bases as hydroxide anions, which is strictly applicable only to alkali. In water, by altering the autoionization equilibrium, bases give solutions with a hydrogen ion activity lower than that of pure water, i.e., a pH higher than 7.0 at standard conditions. Examples of common bases are sodium hydroxide and ammonia. Metal oxides, hydroxides and especially alkoxides are basic, and counteranions of weak acids are weak bases. Bases can be thought of as the chemical opposite of acids. A reaction between an acid and base is called neutralization. Bases and acids are seen as opposites because the effect of an acid is to increase the hydronium ion concentration in water, whereas bases reduce this concentration. Bases and acids are typically found in aqueous solution forms. Aqueous solutions of bases react with aqueous solutions of acids to produce water and salts in aqueous solutions in which the salts separate into their component ions. If the aqueous solution is saturated with a given salt solute, any additional such salt precipitates out of the solution.
Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms
1. A locality from which operations are projected or supported. 2. An area or locality containing installations which provide logistic or other support. See also establishment. 3. Home airfield or home carrier. See also base of operations; facility.
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'base' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #1174
Written Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'base' in Written Corpus Frequency: #1569
Rank popularity for the word 'base' in Nouns Frequency: #549
Rank popularity for the word 'base' in Verbs Frequency: #115
Translations for base
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
the foundation, support, or lowest part (of something), or the surface on which something is standing
the base of the statue; the base of the triangle; the base of the tree.
- أساس، قاعِدَهArabic
- basePortuguese (BR)
- podklad, spodek, kořenCzech
- die Basis, das UnterteilGerman
- fundament; fodDanish
- βάση, αυτό στο οποίο στηρίζεται κτ.Greek
- alus, põhiEstonian
- پایه؛ اساسFarsi
- בָּסִיס, כַּןHebrew
- temelj, osnovaCroatian
- undirstaða; stallur; neðsti hlutiIcelandic
- 토대, 기반Korean
- pamats; fundaments; postamentsLatvian
- fundament, sokkel; grunnlinje; fotNorwegian
- پایه؛ اساسPersian
- سټه، قاعده، تل، اساسى (ركن)، اډه (لكه د نظامى عملياتو)Pashto
- bază, temelie, fundaţieRomanian
- podstavec; základňa; pätaSlovak
- podstavek, osnovnicaSlovenian
- bas, grundval, sockel, fundamentSwedish
- taban, kaide, temelTurkish
- 底座，基座Chinese (Trad.)
- основа; опораUkrainian
- đáy; chân đếVietnamese
- 底部，底座Chinese (Simp.)
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