Definitions for back-formation
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word back-formation
a word invented (usually unwittingly by subtracting an affix) on the assumption that a familiar word derives from it
The process by which a new word is formed by removing a morpheme (real or perceived) of an older word, such as the verb burgle, formed by removing -ar (perceived as a suffix forming an agent noun) from burglar.
A word created in this way.
Back-formations, such as "tambour" (for "play the tambourine"), are a staple of comedic wordplay.
Origin: Coined by James Murray; back + formation
In etymology, back-formation is the process of creating a new lexeme, usually by removing actual or supposed affixes. The resulting neologism is called a back-formation, a term coined by James Murray in 1889. Back-formation is different from clipping – back-formation may change the part of speech or the word's meaning, whereas clipping creates shortened words from longer words, but does not change the part of speech or the meaning of the word. For example, the noun resurrection was borrowed from Latin, and the verb resurrect was then backformed hundreds of years later from it by removing the ion suffix. This segmentation of resurrection into resurrect + ion was possible because English had examples of Latinate words in the form of verb and verb+-ion pairs, such as opine/opinion. These became the pattern for many more such pairs, where a verb derived from a Latin supine stem and a noun ending in ion entered the language together, such as insert/insertion, project/projection, etc. Back-formation may be similar to the reanalyses of folk etymologies when it rests on an erroneous understanding of the morphology of the longer word. For example, the singular noun asset is a back-formation from the plural assets. However, assets is originally not a plural; it is a loan-word from Anglo-Norman asetz. The -s was reanalyzed as a plural suffix.
Translations for back-formation
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- αναδρομικός σχηματισμόςGreek
- takaperoisjohto, takaperoisjohdosFinnish
- dérivation régressive, rétroformation, dérivation inverseFrench
- גזירה לאחורHebrew
- derywacja wstecznaPolish
- derivação regressivaPortuguese
- обра́тное словообразова́ниеRussian
- omvänd ordbildningSwedish
Get even more translations for back-formation »
Find a translation for the back-formation definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these back-formation definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"back-formation." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2015. Web. 18 Apr. 2015. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/back-formation>.