disinfectant, germicide, antimicrobic, antimicrobial(adj)
an agent (as heat or radiation or a chemical) that destroys microorganisms that might carry disease
capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms
an agent that destroys microbes, inhibits their growth, or prevents or counteracts their pathogenic action
tending to destroy or capable of destroying microbes
inhibiting the growth of microbes
preventing or counteracting the pathogenic action of microbes
An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or inhibits their growth. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against. For example, antibacterials are used against bacteria and antifungals are used against fungi. They can also be classed according to their function. Antimicrobials that kill microbes are called microbicidal; those that merely inhibit their growth are called microbiostatic. Disinfectants such as bleach are non-selective antimicrobials. Use of substances with antimicrobial properties is known to have been common practice for at least 2000 years. Ancient Egyptians and ancient Greeks used specific molds and plant extracts to treat infection. More recently, microbiologists such as Louis Pasteur and Jules Francois Joubert observed antagonism between some bacteria and discussed the merits of controlling these interactions in medicine. In 1928, Alexander Fleming became the first to discover a natural antimicrobial fungus known as penicillium rubens. He named the substance extracted from the fungus penicillin and in 1942 it was successfully used to treat a streptococcus infection. Penicillin also proved successful in the treatment of many other infectious diseases such as gonorrhea, strep throat and pneumonia, which were potentially fatal to patients up until then.
The numerical value of antimicrobial in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of antimicrobial in Pythagorean Numerology is: 9
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
They wouldn't sponsor me as a speaker because they're mad at me, my message is we have to reduce the amount of antimicrobial use and use it properly.
We need alternatives to the current armamentarium of antibiotics and we want to see more development activity in this area, in light of the increase in antimicrobial resistance and the lack of new antibiotics, it is important to open up the discussion.
Amphibians, especially certain groups of frogs, produce and store large amounts of antimicrobial peptides in specialized granular glands in the skin, when the skin is injured or the frog is alarmed, they release large amounts of the peptides to protect the skin.
Images & Illustrations of antimicrobial
Translations for antimicrobial
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
Get even more translations for antimicrobial »
Find a translation for the antimicrobial definition in other languages:
Select another language:
Discuss these antimicrobial definitions with the community:
Word of the Day
Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?
Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:
"antimicrobial." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2017. Web. 25 Jun 2017. <http://www.definitions.net/definition/antimicrobial>.