Definitions for antecedentˌæn təˈsid nt
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
an•te•ced•entˌæn təˈsid nt(adj.)
an antecedent event.
(n.)a preceding circumstance, event, object, phenomenon, etc.; precursor.
antecedents, ancestors. the history, events, conditions, etc., of one's earlier life.
a word, phrase, or clause, usu. a substantive, that is replaced, usu. later, by a pronoun or other substitute, as Jane and glove in
Jane lost a glove and she can't find it.
Math. the first term of a ratio; the first or third term of a proportion. the first of two vectors in a dyad.
the conditional element in a proposition introduced by “if.”
Ref: Compare consequent (def. 5). 5
Origin of antecedent:
1350–1400; ME (< MF) < L antecēdent-, s. of antecēdēns, prp. of antecēdere to antecede
ancestor, ascendant, ascendent, antecedent, root(noun)
someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
a preceding occurrence or cause or event
anything that precedes something similar in time
"phrenology was an antecedent of modern neuroscience"
the referent of an anaphor; a phrase or clause that is referred to by an anaphoric pronoun
preceding in time or order
Any thing that precedes another thing, especially the cause of the second thing.
A word, phrase or clause referred to by a pronoun.
Origin: From antecedent (French antécédent), from antecedens, from antecedere.
going before in time; prior; anterior; preceding; as, an event antecedent to the Deluge; an antecedent cause
presumptive; as, an antecedent improbability
that which goes before in time; that which precedes
one who precedes or goes in front
the earlier events of one's life; previous principles, conduct, course, history
the noun to which a relative refers; as, in the sentence "Solomon was the prince who built the temple," prince is the antecedent of who
the first or conditional part of a hypothetical proposition; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun must move
the first of the two propositions which constitute an enthymeme or contracted syllogism; as, Every man is mortal; therefore the king must die
the first of the two terms of a ratio; the first or third of the four terms of a proportion. In the ratio a:b, a is the antecedent, and b the consequent