Definitions for antecedentˌæn təˈsid nt

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word antecedent

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

an•te•ced•entˌæn təˈsid nt(adj.)

  1. preceding; prior:

    an antecedent event.

  2. (n.)a preceding circumstance, event, object, phenomenon, etc.; precursor.

  3. antecedents, ancestors. the history, events, conditions, etc., of one's earlier life.

  4. a word, phrase, or clause, usu. a substantive, that is replaced, usu. later, by a pronoun or other substitute, as Jane and glove in

    Jane lost a glove and she can't find it.

    Category: Grammar

  5. Math. the first term of a ratio; the first or third term of a proportion. the first of two vectors in a dyad.

    Category: Math

  6. the conditional element in a proposition introduced by “if.”

    Category: Philosphy

    Ref: Compare consequent (def. 5). 5

Origin of antecedent:

1350–1400; ME (< MF) < L antecēdent-, s. of antecēdēns, prp. of antecēdere to antecede


Princeton's WordNet

  1. ancestor, ascendant, ascendent, antecedent, root(noun)

    someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)

  2. antecedent(noun)

    a preceding occurrence or cause or event

  3. antecedent, forerunner(noun)

    anything that precedes something similar in time

    "phrenology was an antecedent of modern neuroscience"

  4. antecedent(adj)

    the referent of an anaphor; a phrase or clause that is referred to by an anaphoric pronoun

  5. antecedent(adj)

    preceding in time or order


  1. antecedent(Noun)

    Any thing that precedes another thing, especially the cause of the second thing.

  2. antecedent(Noun)

    An ancestor.

  3. antecedent(Noun)

    A word, phrase or clause referred to by a pronoun.

  4. Origin: From antecedent (French antécédent), from antecedens, from antecedere.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Antecedent(adj)

    going before in time; prior; anterior; preceding; as, an event antecedent to the Deluge; an antecedent cause

  2. Antecedent(adj)

    presumptive; as, an antecedent improbability

  3. Antecedent(noun)

    that which goes before in time; that which precedes

  4. Antecedent(noun)

    one who precedes or goes in front

  5. Antecedent(noun)

    the earlier events of one's life; previous principles, conduct, course, history

  6. Antecedent(noun)

    the noun to which a relative refers; as, in the sentence "Solomon was the prince who built the temple," prince is the antecedent of who

  7. Antecedent(noun)

    the first or conditional part of a hypothetical proposition; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun must move

  8. Antecedent(noun)

    the first of the two propositions which constitute an enthymeme or contracted syllogism; as, Every man is mortal; therefore the king must die

  9. Antecedent(noun)

    the first of the two terms of a ratio; the first or third of the four terms of a proportion. In the ratio a:b, a is the antecedent, and b the consequent


  1. Antecedent

    An antecedent is the first half of a hypothetical proposition. Examples: ⁕If P, then Q. This is a nonlogical formulation of a hypothetical proposition. In this case, the antecedent is P, and the consequent is Q. In an implication, if implies then is called the antecedent and is called the consequent. ⁕If X is a man, then X is mortal. "X is a man" is the antecedent for this proposition. ⁕If men have walked on the moon, then I am the king of France. Here, "men have walked on the moon" is the antecedent.


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