Definitions for Spectrumˈspɛk trəm
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Spectrum
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
spec•trumˈspɛk trəm(n.)(pl.)-tra; -trums.
an array of entities, as light waves or particles, ordered in accordance with the magnitudes of a common physical property, as wavelength or mass. the band or series of colors, together with invisible extensions, produced by dispersion of radiant energy, as by a prism.
a broad range of varied but related ideas, objects, etc., that form a continuous series or sequence:
the spectrum of political beliefs.
Origin of spectrum:
1605–15; < L: appearance, form <spec(ere) to look, regard
an ordered array of the components of an emission or wave
a broad range of related objects or values or qualities or ideas or activities
A range; a continuous, infinite, one-dimensional set, possibly bounded by extremes.
Specifically, a range of colours representing light (electromagnetic radiation) of contiguous frequencies; hence electromagnetic spectrum, visible spectrum, ultraviolet spectrum, etc.
The pattern of absorption or emission of radiation produced by a substance when subjected to energy (radiation, heat, electricity, etc.).
The set of eigenvalues of a matrix.
Of a bounded linear operator A, the set of scalar values u03BB such that the operator Au2014u03BBI, where I denotes the identity operator, does not have a bounded inverse; intended as a generalisation of the linear algebra sense.
Origin: From spectrum, from specio. (see scope)
an apparition; a specter
the several colored and other rays of which light is composed, separated by the refraction of a prism or other means, and observed or studied either as spread out on a screen, by direct vision, by photography, or otherwise. See Illust. of Light, and Spectroscope
a luminous appearance, or an image seen after the eye has been exposed to an intense light or a strongly illuminated object. When the object is colored, the image appears of the complementary color, as a green image seen after viewing a red wafer lying on white paper. Called also ocular spectrum
A spectrum is a condition that is not limited to a specific set of values but can vary infinitely within a continuum. The word saw its first scientific use within the field of optics to describe the rainbow of colors in visible light when separated using a prism; it has since been applied by analogy to many fields other than optics. Thus, one might talk about the spectrum of political opinion, or the spectrum of activity of a drug, or the autism spectrum. In these uses, values within a spectrum may not be associated with precisely quantifiable numbers or definitions. Such uses imply a broad range of conditions or behaviors grouped together and studied under a single title for ease of discussion. In most modern usages of spectrum there is a unifying theme between extremes at either end. Some older usages of the word did not have a unifying theme, but they led to modern ones through a sequence of events set out below. Modern usages in mathematics did evolve from a unifying theme, but this may be difficult to recognize.
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
the name given to coloured and other rays of pure light separated by refraction in its transmission through a prism, as exhibited on a screen in a darkened chamber.
Translations for Spectrum
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary
the visible spectrum.
- espectroPortuguese (BR)
- das SpektrumGerman
- צִבעֵי הַקֶשֶתHebrew
- litróf, skaliIcelandic
- (可見)光譜Chinese (Trad.)
- عینی طیفUrdu
- hình ảnhVietnamese
- （可见）光谱Chinese (Simp.)
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