the study and classification of human societies
The study of society, human social interaction and the rules and processes that bind and separate people not only as individuals, but as members of associations, groups and institutions
Origin: From sociologie a term coined by Auguste Comte in 1834.
that branch of philosophy which treats of the constitution, phenomena, and development of human society; social science
Origin: [L. socius a companion + -logy.]
Sociology is the scientific study of human society and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions. It is a social science which uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social activity, structures, and functions. A goal for many sociologists is to conduct research which may be applied directly to social policy and welfare, while others focus primarily on refining the theoretical understanding of social processes. Subject matter ranges from the micro level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure. The traditional focuses of sociology include social stratification, social class, culture, race and ethnicity, gender and sexuality, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, and deviance. As all spheres of human activity are affected by the interplay between social structure and individual agency, sociology has gradually expanded its focus to further subjects, such as health, medical, military and penal institutions, the Internet, environmental sociology, political economy and the role of social activity in the development of scientific knowledge.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
sō-shi-ol′ō-ji, n. the science that treats of man as a social being, in the origin, organisation, and development of human society and human culture, esp. on the side of social and political institutions, including ethics, political economy, &c.—ns. Sociog′eny, the science of the origin of society; Sociog′raphy, the branch of sociology devoted to noting and describing the results of observation.—adjs. Sociolog′ic, -al.—adv. Sociolog′ically.—ns. Sociol′ogist, one devoted to the study of sociology; Sō′cius, an associate: a fellow of an academy, &c. [A hybrid from L. socius, a companion, and Gr. logia—legein, to speak.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
the science which treats of the nature and the developments of society and of social institutions; a science to which Herbert Spencer, in succession to Comte, has contributed more than any other scientist, deducing, as he does, a series of generalisations by comparison of individual organisms with social.
The Roycroft Dictionary
The religious application of economics.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
British National Corpus
Spoken Corpus Frequency
Rank popularity for the word 'Sociology' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #4469
Rank popularity for the word 'Sociology' in Nouns Frequency: #1869
The numerical value of Sociology in Chaldean Numerology is: 8
The numerical value of Sociology in Pythagorean Numerology is: 3
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Translations for Sociology
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- علم المجتمعArabic
- sociologiaCatalan, Valencian
- Soziologie, GesellschaftskundeGerman
- հասարակագիտություն, սոցիոլոգիաArmenian
- សង្គមវិទ្យា, សិក្សាសង្គមKhmer
- 사회학, 社會學Korean
- mātauranga haporiMāori
- социология, обществоведениеRussian
- xã hội học, 社會學Vietnamese
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