Definitions for SATURNˈsæt ərn

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word SATURN

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

Sat•urnˈsæt ərn(n.)

  1. a Roman god of agriculture, the consort of Ops, believed to have ruled the earth during an age of happiness and virtue: identified with the Greek god Cronus.

    Category: Mythology

  2. the planet sixth in order from the sun, having an equatorial diameter of 74,600 mi. (120,000 km), a mean distance from the sun of 886.7 million mi. (1427 million km), a period of revolution of 29.46 years, and 23 known moons. It is the second largest planet in the solar system, encompassed by a series of thin, flat rings composed of small particles of ice.

    Category: Astronomy

  3. (in alchemy) the metal lead.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. Saturn(noun)

    a giant planet that is surrounded by three planar concentric rings of ice particles; the 6th planet from the sun

  2. Saturn(noun)

    (Roman mythology) god of agriculture and vegetation; counterpart of Greek Cronus

    "Saturday is Saturn's Day"

Wiktionary

  1. Saturn(ProperNoun)

    The god of fertility and agriculture, equivalent to the Greek Kronos.

  2. Saturn(ProperNoun)

    The second largest planet in Earth's solar system, famous for its large rings and until recent times the furthest known; represented in astronomy and astrology by u2644.

  3. Origin: From Sætern, from Saturnus, probably of etruscan origin, plausibly influence by Latin satus, the past participle of serere "to sow"

Webster Dictionary

  1. Saturn(noun)

    one of the elder and principal deities, the son of Coelus and Terra (Heaven and Earth), and the father of Jupiter. The corresponding Greek divinity was Kro`nos, later CHro`nos, Time

  2. Saturn(noun)

    one of the planets of the solar system, next in magnitude to Jupiter, but more remote from the sun. Its diameter is seventy thousand miles, its mean distance from the sun nearly eight hundred and eighty millions of miles, and its year, or periodical revolution round the sun, nearly twenty-nine years and a half. It is surrounded by a remarkable system of rings, and has eight satellites

  3. Saturn(noun)

    the metal lead

Freebase

  1. Saturn

    Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest planet in the Solar System, after Jupiter. Named after the Roman god of agriculture, Saturn, its astronomical symbol represents the god's sickle. Saturn is a gas giant with an average radius about nine times that of Earth. While only one-eighth the average density of Earth, with its larger volume Saturn is just over 95 times more massive than Earth. Saturn's interior is probably composed of a core of iron, nickel and rock, surrounded by a deep layer of metallic hydrogen, an intermediate layer of liquid hydrogen and liquid helium and an outer gaseous layer. The planet exhibits a pale yellow hue due to ammonia crystals in its upper atmosphere. Electrical current within the metallic hydrogen layer is thought to give rise to Saturn's planetary magnetic field, which is slightly weaker than Earth's and around one-twentieth the strength of Jupiter's. The outer atmosphere is generally bland and lacking in contrast, although long-lived features can appear. Wind speeds on Saturn can reach 1,800 km/h, faster than on Jupiter, but not as fast as those on Neptune. Saturn has a prominent ring system that consists of nine continuous main rings and three discontinuous arcs, composed mostly of ice particles with a smaller amount of rocky debris and dust. Sixty-two known moons orbit the planet; fifty-three are officially named. This does not include the hundreds of "moonlets" within the rings. Titan, Saturn's largest and the Solar System's second largest moon, is larger than the planet Mercury and is the only moon in the Solar System to retain a substantial atmosphere.

The Nuttall Encyclopedia

  1. Saturn

    in the Roman mythology a primitive god of agriculture in Italy, often confounded with the Greek Kronos, the father of Zeus, and sovereign of the Golden Age; was represented as an old man bearing a sickle.

  2. Saturn

    the planet of the solar system whose orbit is outside that of Jupiter, is 880 millions of miles from the sun, round which it takes 10,759 days or nearly 30 years to revolve, revolving on its own axis in about 10½ hours; its diameter is nine times greater than that of the earth; it is surrounded by bright rings that appear as three, and is accompanied by eight moons; the rings are solid, and are supposed to consist of a continuous belt of moons.

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Saturn

    The sixth planet in order from the sun. It is one of the five outer planets of the solar system. Its twelve natural satellites include Phoebe and Titan.

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