Definitions for PH
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word PH
Random House Webster's College Dictionary
the symbol for the logarithm of the reciprocal of hydrogen ion concentration in gram atoms per liter, used to describe the acidity or alkalinity of a chemical solution on a scale of 0 (more acidic) to 14 (more alkaline).
Origin of pH:
1909; < G P(otenz) potency + H(ydrogen)
pH, pH scale(noun)
(from potential of Hydrogen) the logarithm of the reciprocal of hydrogen-ion concentration in gram atoms per liter; provides a measure on a scale from 0 to 14 of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution (where 7 is neutral and greater than 7 is more basic and less than 7 is more acidic);
The negative of the logarithm to the base 10 of the concentration of hydrogen ions, measured in moles per liter; a measure of acidity or alkalinity of a substance, which takes numerical values from 0 (maximum acidity) through 7 (neutral) to 14 (maximum alkalinity).
Origin: From p, denoting negative logarithm, and H, denoting hydrogen.
In chemistry, pH is a measure of the activity of the hydrogen ion. p[H], which measures the hydrogen ion concentration, is closely related to, and is often written as, pH. Pure water has a pH very close to 7 at 25 °C. Solutions with a pH less than 7 are said to be acidic and solutions with a pH greater than 7 are basic or alkaline. The pH scale is traceable to a set of standard solutions whose pH is established by international agreement. Primary pH standard values are determined using a concentration cell with transference, by measuring the potential difference between a hydrogen electrode and a standard electrode such as the silver chloride electrode. Measurement of pH for aqueous solutions can be done with a glass electrode and a pH meter, or using indicators. pH measurements are important in medicine, biology, chemistry, agriculture, forestry, food science, environmental science, oceanography, civil engineering, chemical engineering, nutrition, water treatment & water purification, and many other applications.
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