a disorder of the central nervous system characterized by loss of consciousness and convulsions
A medical condition in which the sufferer experiences seizures (or convulsions) and blackouts.
Origin: Since 16th century; from epilepsie, from epilepsia, from ἐπιληψία, from ἐπιλαμβάνω, from ἐπί + λαμβάνω.
the "falling sickness," so called because the patient falls suddenly to the ground; a disease characterized by paroxysms (or fits) occurring at interval and attended by sudden loss of consciousness, and convulsive motions of the muscles
Origin: [L. epilepsia, Gr. a seizure, the falling sickness, fr. to take besides, seize, attack; 'epi` upon, besides + to take: cf. F. pilepsie. Cf. Catalepsy.]
Epilepsy is a common and diverse set of chronic neurological disorders characterized by seizures. Some definitions of epilepsy require that seizures be recurrent and unprovoked, but others require only a single seizure combined with brain alterations which increase the chance of future seizures. In many cases a cause cannot be identified; however, factors that are associated include brain trauma, strokes, brain cancer, and drug and alcohol misuse among others. Epileptic seizures result from abnormal, excessive or hypersynchronous neuronal activity in the brain. About 50 million people worldwide have epilepsy, and nearly 80% of epilepsy occurs in developing countries. Epilepsy becomes more common as people age. Onset of new cases occurs most frequently in infants and the elderly. As a consequence of brain surgery, epileptic seizures may occur in recovering patients. Epilepsy is usually controlled, but not cured, with medication. However, more than 30% of people with epilepsy do not have seizure control even with the best available medications. Surgery may be considered in difficult cases. Not all epilepsy syndromes are lifelong – some forms are confined to particular stages of childhood. Epilepsy should not be understood as a single disorder, but rather as syndromic with vastly divergent symptoms, all involving episodic abnormal electrical activity in the brain and numerous seizures.
Chambers 20th Century Dictionary
ep′i-lep-si, n. a chronic functional disease of the nervous system, manifested by recurring attacks of sudden insensibility or impairment of consciousness, commonly accompanied by peculiar convulsive seizures.—n. Epilep′tic, an epileptic patient.—adjs. Epilep′tic, -al; Epilep′toid. [Gr. epilepsia—epi, upon, lambanein, lēpsesthai, to seize.]
The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a violent nervous affection, manifesting itself usually in sudden convulsive seizures and unconsciousness, followed by temporary stoppage of the breath and rigidity of the body, popularly known as "falling sickness"; origin as yet undecided; attributed by the ancients to demoniacal possession.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
The numerical value of Epilepsy in Chaldean Numerology is: 7
The numerical value of Epilepsy in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
The "highest" states of mind held up before mankind by christianity as of supreme value, are actually forms of convulsive epilepsy.
It is such a rarity that a person requiring invasive electrode monitoring for epilepsy also has tinnitus that we aim to study every such person if they are willing.
The only thing worse than having to be in a hospital for a child with epilepsy is having to come back, that’s the number-one goal for Rachael: not having to be readmitted for a seizure.
He'd had one of his frequent epilepsy crises that made him convulse, distort, fall and drool. However, something came up with this one, something unusual. My brother was not reacting to our calls and our light slaps, time had stopped.
So many of these neglected tropical diseases are not acute infections like ... the flu or common cold, many are chronic, debilitating conditions that mimic non-communicable diseases ... If somebody has epilepsy, they don't think of cysticercosis ... If a child tests poorly in school, the pediatrician or nurse practitioner won't think of toxocariasis.
Images & Illustrations of Epilepsy
Translations for Epilepsy
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- epilèpsiaCatalan, Valencian
- Epilepsie, FallsuchtGerman
- langetõbi, epilepsiaEstonian
- tuiteamasScottish Gaelic
- अपस्मार, मिर्गीHindi
- flogaveiki, flog, niðurfallssýkiIcelandic
- hukihuki, mate hukihuki, hūkikiMāori
- sawan, gila babi, epilepsiMalay
- epilepsiNorwegian Nynorsk
- epilepsja, padaczkaPolish
- эпиле́псия, паду́чаяRussian
- epilepsija, падавица, епилепсија, padavicaSerbo-Croatian
- sara, epilepsiTurkish
- động kinhVietnamese
Get even more translations for Epilepsy »
Find a translation for the Epilepsy definition in other languages:
Select another language: