Definitions for Calculusˈkæl kyə ləs; -ˌlaɪ

This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Calculus

Random House Webster's College Dictionary

cal•cu•lusˈkæl kyə ləs; -ˌlaɪ(n.)(pl.)-li; -lus•es.

  1. a method of calculation, esp. one of several highly systematic methods of treating problems by a special system of algebraic notations, as differential or integral calculus.

    Category: Math

  2. a stone, or concretion, formed in the gallbladder, kidney, or other part of the body.

    Category: Pathology

  3. a hard, yellowish to brownish black deposit on teeth formed largely through the calcification of dental plaque; tartar.

    Category: Dentistry

  4. calculation:

    the calculus of political appeal.

    Category: Common Vocabulary

Origin of calculus:

1610–20; < L: pebble, small stone (used in reckoning)

Princeton's WordNet

  1. calculus, concretion(noun)

    a hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body

    "renal calculi can be very painful"

  2. tartar, calculus, tophus(noun)

    an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums

  3. calculus, infinitesimal calculus(noun)

    the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions

Wiktionary

  1. calculus(Noun)

    calculation, computation

  2. calculus(Noun)

    Any formal system in which symbolic expressions are manipulated according to fixed rules.

  3. calculus(Noun)

    Differential calculus and integral calculus considered as a single subject; analysis.

  4. calculus(Noun)

    A stony concretion that forms in a bodily organ.

    renal calculus ( = kidney stone)

  5. calculus(Noun)

    Deposits of calcium phosphate salts on teeth.

  6. calculus(Noun)

    A decision-making method, especially one appropriate for a specialised realm.

  7. Origin: calculus, diminutive of calx + -ulus.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Calculus(noun)

    any solid concretion, formed in any part of the body, but most frequent in the organs that act as reservoirs, and in the passages connected with them; as, biliary calculi; urinary calculi, etc

  2. Calculus(noun)

    a method of computation; any process of reasoning by the use of symbols; any branch of mathematics that may involve calculation

Freebase

  1. Calculus

    Calculus is the mathematical study of change, in the same way that geometry is the study of shape and algebra is the study of operations and their application to solving equations. It has two major branches, differential calculus, and integral calculus; these two branches are related to each other by the fundamental theorem of calculus. Both branches make use of the fundamental notions of convergence of infinite sequences and infinite series to a well-defined limit. Calculus has widespread uses in science, economics, and engineering and can solve many problems that algebra alone cannot. Calculus is a major part of modern mathematics education. A course in calculus is a gateway to other, more advanced courses in mathematics devoted to the study of functions and limits, broadly called mathematical analysis. Calculus has historically been called "the calculus of infinitesimals", or "infinitesimal calculus". The word "calculus" comes from Latin and means a small stone used for counting. More generally, calculus refers to any method or system of calculation guided by the symbolic manipulation of expressions. Some examples of other well-known calculi are propositional calculus, calculus of variations, lambda calculus, and process calculus.

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