Definitions for Archaeologyˌɑr kiˈɒl ə dʒi
This page provides all possible meanings and translations of the word Archaeology
the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
The study of the past through material remains. Often focused upon the life and culture of ancient peoples, but also applied to the more recent past. In American usage, one of the four sub-disciplines of anthropology.
Origin: From ἀρχαιολογία, from ἀρχαῖος + λόγος.
the science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc
Origin: [Gr. 'archaiologi`a; 'archai^os ancient (fr. 'archh` beginning) + lo`gos discourse, le`gein to speak.]
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes. Because archaeology employs a wide range of different procedures, it can be considered to be both a science and a humanity, and in the United States it is thought of as a branch of anthropology, although in Europe it is viewed as a separate discipline. Archaeology studies human prehistory and history from the development of the first stone tools in eastern Africa 3.4 million years ago up until recent decades. It is of most importance for learning about prehistoric societies, when there are no written records for historians to study, making up over 99% of total human history, from the Palaeolithic until the advent of literacy in any given society. Archaeology has various goals, which range from studying human evolution to cultural evolution and understanding culture history.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
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Translations for Archaeology
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- عالم أثار قديمة, آثارArabic
- arqueologiaCatalan, Valencian
- arkeologio, arĥeologioEsperanto
- àrsaidheachd, arc-eòlasScottish Gaelic
- akeyolojiHaitian Creole
- archeológia, régészetHungarian
- បុរាណវត្ថុវិទ្យា, បុរាណវិទ្យាKhmer
- kaji purba, arkeologiMalay
- oudheidkunde, archeologieDutch
- لرغونپوهنهPashto, Pushto
- arheologija, археологијаSerbo-Croatian
- పురాతత్వ శాస్త్రముTelugu
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