the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
The study of the past through material remains. Often focused upon the life and culture of ancient peoples, but also applied to the more recent past. In American usage, one of the four sub-disciplines of anthropology.
Origin: From ἀρχαιολογία, from ἀρχαῖος + λόγος.
the science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc
Origin: [Gr. 'archaiologi`a; 'archai^os ancient (fr. 'archh` beginning) + lo`gos discourse, le`gein to speak.]
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes. Because archaeology employs a wide range of different procedures, it can be considered to be both a science and a humanity, and in the United States it is thought of as a branch of anthropology, although in Europe it is viewed as a separate discipline. Archaeology studies human prehistory and history from the development of the first stone tools in eastern Africa 3.4 million years ago up until recent decades. It is of most importance for learning about prehistoric societies, when there are no written records for historians to study, making up over 99% of total human history, from the Palaeolithic until the advent of literacy in any given society. Archaeology has various goals, which range from studying human evolution to cultural evolution and understanding culture history.
U.S. National Library of Medicine
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The discovery and study of objects from other moments in time.
Archaeology is used to date and map human creation and behavior.
The numerical value of Archaeology in Chaldean Numerology is: 2
The numerical value of Archaeology in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2
Sample Sentences & Example Usage
In archaeology you uncover the unknown. In diplomacy you cover the known.
One of the (Texas AM University archaeology) students said, 'Oh my God, slavery,'.
Astronomy is like archaeology; what we see in the sky happened many years ago, the biggest expectation is that we find something that we don't expect.
This time so much more has been preserved - we can actually see everyday life during the Bronze Age in the round, it's prehistoric archaeology in 3D with an unsurpassed finds assemblage in terms of range and quantity.
The key is to excavate slowly and carefully and record well. The fact is this isn't a race. All archaeology is disruption. We can't go back and re-do it, so we have to do it well in the first place, i’m feeling more certain today than I expected to be.
Images & Illustrations of Archaeology
Translations for Archaeology
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- عالم أثار قديمة, آثارArabic
- arqueologiaCatalan, Valencian
- arkeologio, arĥeologioEsperanto
- àrsaidheachd, arc-eòlasScottish Gaelic
- akeyolojiHaitian Creole
- archeológia, régészetHungarian
- បុរាណវត្ថុវិទ្យា, បុរាណវិទ្យាKhmer
- kaji purba, arkeologiMalay
- oudheidkunde, archeologieDutch
- لرغونپوهنهPashto, Pushto
- arheologija, археологијаSerbo-Croatian
- పురాతత్వ శాస్త్రముTelugu
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