What does zār mean?

Definitions for zār

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word zār.

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  1. zār

    In the cultures of the Horn of Africa and adjacent regions of the Middle East, Zār (Arabic: زار, Ge'ez: ዛር) is the term for a demon or spirit assumed to possess individuals, mostly women, and to cause discomfort or illness. The so-called zār ritual or zār cult is the practice of exorcising such spirits from the possessed individual.Zār exorcism has become popular in the contemporary urban culture of Cairo and other major cities of the Islamic world as a form of women-only entertainment. Zār gatherings involve food and musical performances and they culminate in ecstatic dancing, lasting between three and seven nights. The tanbūra, a six-string bowl lyre, is often used in the ritual. Other instruments include the manjur, a leather belt sewn with many goat hooves, and various percussion instruments.


  1. ZAR

    ZAR stands for South African Rand, which is the official currency of South Africa. It is symbolized by the currency code "ZAR" and is subdivided into 100 cents. The South African Rand is used in South Africa as well as in the Common Monetary Area, comprising Lesotho, Eswatini (formerly Swaziland), and Namibia. Its value fluctuates on international exchange markets and is subject to economic factors and fiscal policies of South Africa.


  1. Zār

    Zār or Zaar is a religious custom. Apparently originating in central Ethiopia during the 18th century, later spreading throughout East and North Africa. Zār custom involves the possession of an individual by a spirit. It is also observed in Egypt, Sudan, southern Iran and elsewhere in the Middle East. A featured musical instrument in the Zār ritual is the tanbura, a six-string lyre, which, like the Zār practice itself, exists in various forms in an area stretching from East Africa to the Arabian Peninsula. Other instruments include the mangour, a leather belt sewn with many goat hooves, and various percussion instruments. The Zār cult served as a refuge for women and effeminate men in conservative, Muslim-dominated Sudan. In Ethiopia, zār also refers to malevolent spirits. Many Ethiopian Christians and Muslims believe in these spirits. Among both groups, mental illness is often attributed to zār possession. In Ethiopia, zār possession is more common among women, while among immigrants in the West, men are more commonly afflicted. At the same time, many Ethiopians believe in benevolent, protective spirits, or abdar. While this belief in abdar and zār fits the traditional dualism of good and evil, it is also deeply rooted in superstition.

Suggested Resources

  1. zār

    Song lyrics by zār -- Explore a large variety of song lyrics performed by zār on the Lyrics.com website.

  2. ZĀR

    What does ZĀR stand for? -- Explore the various meanings for the ZĀR acronym on the Abbreviations.com website.

Surnames Frequency by Census Records

  1. ZAR

    According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Zar is ranked #33530 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

    The Zar surname appeared 680 times in the 2010 census and if you were to sample 100,000 people in the United States, approximately 0 would have the surname Zar.

    69.7% or 474 total occurrences were White.
    22.7% or 155 total occurrences were Asian.
    3.6% or 25 total occurrences were of Hispanic origin.
    2.3% or 16 total occurrences were of two or more races.

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  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of zār in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of zār in Pythagorean Numerology is: 8

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Translations for zār

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"zār." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 30 Nov. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/z%C4%81r>.

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    brought into agreement or cooperation on the side of a faction, party, or cause
    • A. frantic
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    • C. urban
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