What does year mean?

Definitions for year

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word year.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. year, twelvemonth, yrnoun

    a period of time containing 365 (or 366) days

    "she is 4 years old"; "in the year 1920"

  2. yearnoun

    a period of time occupying a regular part of a calendar year that is used for some particular activity

    "a school year"

  3. yearnoun

    the period of time that it takes for a planet (as, e.g., Earth or Mars) to make a complete revolution around the sun

    "a Martian year takes 687 of our days"

  4. class, yearnoun

    a body of students who graduate together

    "the class of '97"; "she was in my year at Hoehandle High"


  1. yearnoun

    The time it takes the Earth to complete one revolution of the Sun (between 365.24 and 365.26 days depending on the point of reference).

  2. yearnoun

    The time it takes for any planetary body to make one revolution around another body.

    Mars goes around the sun once in a Martian year, or 1.88 Earth years.

  3. yearnoun

    A period between set dates that mark a year, from January 1 to December 31 by the Gregorian calendar.

  4. yearnoun

    A scheduled part of a calendar year spent in a specific activity.

    During this school year I have to get up at 6:30 to catch the bus.

  5. yearnoun

    A Julian year, exactly 365.25 days, represented by "a".

  6. yearnoun

    A level or grade in school or college.

  7. Etymology: From yeer, yere, from ger, gear, from jēran, from yōro-. Cognate with jier, jaar, Jahr, år, ári, Serbo-Croatian jar, Ancient Greek ὥρα, and perhaps Albanian verë.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Yearnoun

    If one by the word year mean twelve months of thirty days each, i. e. three hundred and sixty days; another intend a solar year of three hundred sixty-five days; and a third mean a lunar year, or twelve lunar months, i. e. three hundred fifty-four days, there will be a great variation and error in their account of things, unless they are well apprized of each other’s meaning. Isaac Watts Logick.

    Etymology: gear , Saxon.

    See the minutes, how they run:
    How many makes the hour full compleat,
    How many hours bring about the day,
    How many days will finish up the year,
    How many years a mortal man may live. William Shakespeare.

    With the year
    Seasons return, but not to me returns
    Day, or the sweet approach of morn. John Milton.

    Oviparous creatures have eggs enough at first conceived in them, to serve them for many years laying, allowing such a proportion for every year, as will serve for one or two incubations. John Ray, on the Creation.

    He accepted a curacy of thirty pounds a year. Jonathan Swift.

    I fight not once in forty year. William Shakespeare.

    Some mumble-news,
    That smiles his cheek in years, and knows the trick
    To make my lady laugh when she’s dispos’d,
    Told our intents. William Shakespeare, Love’s Labour Lost.

    There died also Cecile, mother to king Edward IV. being of extreme years, and who had lived to see three princes of her body crowned, and four murthered. Francis Bacon, Hen. VII.

    He look’d in years, yet in his years were seen,
    A youthful vigour, and autumnal green. Dryden.


  1. Year

    A year is the orbital period of a planetary body, for example, the Earth, moving in its orbit around the Sun. Due to the Earth's axial tilt, the course of a year sees the passing of the seasons, marked by change in weather, the hours of daylight, and, consequently, vegetation and soil fertility. In temperate and subpolar regions around the planet, four seasons are generally recognized: spring, summer, autumn and winter. In tropical and subtropical regions, several geographical sectors do not present defined seasons; but in the seasonal tropics, the annual wet and dry seasons are recognized and tracked. A calendar year is an approximation of the number of days of the Earth's orbital period, as counted in a given calendar. The Gregorian calendar, or modern calendar, presents its calendar year to be either a common year of 365 days or a leap year of 366 days, as do the Julian calendars. For the Gregorian calendar, the average length of the calendar year (the mean year) across the complete leap cycle of 400 years is 365.2425 days (97 out of 400 years are leap years). In English, the unit of time for year is commonly abbreviated as "y" or "yr". The symbol "a" is more common in scientific literature, though its exact duration may be inconsistent. In astronomy, the Julian year is a unit of time defined as 365.25 days of exactly 86,400 seconds (SI base unit), totalling exactly 31,557,600 seconds in the Julian astronomical year.The word year is also used for periods loosely associated with, but not identical to, the calendar or astronomical year, such as the seasonal year, the fiscal year, the academic year, etc. Similarly, year can mean the orbital period of any planet; for example, a Martian year and a Venusian year are examples of the time a planet takes to transit one complete orbit. The term can also be used in reference to any long period or cycle, such as the Great Year.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Yearnoun

    the time of the apparent revolution of the sun trough the ecliptic; the period occupied by the earth in making its revolution around the sun, called the astronomical year; also, a period more or less nearly agreeing with this, adopted by various nations as a measure of time, and called the civil year; as, the common lunar year of 354 days, still in use among the Mohammedans; the year of 360 days, etc. In common usage, the year consists of 365 days, and every fourth year (called bissextile, or leap year) of 366 days, a day being added to February on that year, on account of the excess above 365 days (see Bissextile)

  2. Yearnoun

    the time in which any planet completes a revolution about the sun; as, the year of Jupiter or of Saturn

  3. Yearnoun

    age, or old age; as, a man in years

  4. Etymology: [OE. yer, yeer, er, AS. ger; akin to OFries. ir, gr, D. jaar, OHG. jr, G. jahr, Icel. r, Dan. aar, Sw. r, Goth. jr, Gr. a season of the year, springtime, a part of the day, an hour, a year, Zend yre year. 4, 279. Cf. Hour, Yore.]


  1. Year

    A year is the orbital period of the Earth moving around the Sun. For an observer on the Earth, this corresponds to the period it takes the Sun to complete one course throughout the zodiac along the ecliptic. In astronomy, the Julian year is a unit of time, defined as 365.25 days of 86400 SI seconds each. There is no universally accepted symbol for the year as a unit of time. The International System of Units does not propose one. A common abbreviation in international use is a, in English also y or yr. Due to the Earth's axial tilt, the course of a year sees the passing of the seasons, marked by changes in weather, hours of daylight, and consequently vegetation and fertility. In temperate and subpolar regions, generally four seasons are recognized: spring, summer, autumn and winter, astronomically marked by the Sun reaching the points of equinox and solstice, although the climatic seasons lag behind their astronomical markers. In some tropical and subtropical regions it is more common to speak of the rainy season versus the dry season. A calendar year is an approximation of the Earth's orbital period in a given calendar. A calendar year in the Gregorian calendar has either 365 or 366 days.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Year

    yēr, n. a period of time determined by the revolution of the earth in its orbit, and embracing the four seasons, popularly a period beginning with 1st January and ending with 31st December, consisting of 365 days (excepting every fourth year, called 'bissextile' or 'leap-year,' in which one day is added to February, making the number 366)—the Calendar, Civil, or Legal year: a space of twelve calendar months: (pl.) period of life, esp. age or old age.—ns. Year′-book, a book published annually, containing reports of judicial cases, or of discoveries, events, &c.; Year′ling, an animal a year old.—adj. a year old.—adjs. Year′long, lasting a year; Year′ly, happening every year: lasting a year.—adv. once a year: from year to year.—Year of Grace, or of our Lord, date of the Christian era.—Anomalistic year (see Anomaly); Astronomical year, the interval between one vernal equinox and the next, or one complete mean apparent circuit of the ecliptic by the sun, or mean motion through 360° of longitude—365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, 49.7 seconds—called also the Equinoctial, Solar, or Tropical year; Canicular year—the ancient Egyptian—counted from one heliacal rising of Sirius to the next—(the Canicular Cycle was the cycle of 1461 years of 365 days each, or 1460 Julian years, also called the Sothiac period); Ecclesiastical year, the year as arranged in the ecclesiastical calendar, with saints' days, festivals, &c.; Embolismic year, a year of thirteen lunar months or 384 days, occurring in a lunisolar calendar like that of the Jews; Hebrew year, a lunisolar year, of 12 or 13 months of 29 or 30 days—in every cycle of nineteen years the 3d, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th, and 19th having thirteen months instead of twelve; Julian year, a period of 365¼ days, thus causing an annual error of about 11 minutes—corrected by dropping 10 days in 1582 under Pope Gregory XIII.—not adopted in England till 3d September 1752, which became September 14 (see Style); Legal year, the year by which dates were reckoned, which till 1752 began in England on 25th March, that date being originally chosen by Dionysius Exiguus as being the Annunciation—exactly nine months before Christmas. In Scotland the year began on 1st January since 1600.—The most common New Year's Days were these four—(a) 25th December; (b) 25th March; (c) Easter; (d) 1st January. Thus England used both the first and second from the 6th century to 1066; the fourth till 1155; then the second till the day after 31st December 1751, which was called 1st January 1752. Scotland used the second till 1599, when the day after 31st December 1599 was called 1st January 1600. France under Charlemagne used the first, and afterwards also the third and second till 1563; Lunar year, a period of twelve lunar months or 354 days, Platonic year, a cycle of years at the end of which the heavenly bodies are in the same place as at the Creation—also Great, or Perfect, year; Sabbatic, -al, year (see Sabbath); Sidereal year, the period required by the sun to move from a given star to the same star again—affected by Nutation only, one of the most invariable quantities which nature affords us, having a mean value of 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, 9.6 seconds.—In years, advanced in age. [A.S. geár, gér; Ger. jahr, Ice. ár, Gr. hōra, season.]

The Foolish Dictionary, by Gideon Wurdz

  1. YEAR

    A period originally including 365 days, now 325, since the other 40 are Lent.

Dictionary of Nautical Terms

  1. year

    The duration of the earth's revolution round the sun, or of the apparent revolution of the sun in the ecliptic.

Editors Contribution

  1. year

    A unit of time with a known value in a specific type of calendar.

    A year on planet Earth is a unit of time known and used in a type of calendar.

    Submitted by MaryC on April 23, 2016  

Suggested Resources

  1. YEAR

    What does YEAR stand for? -- Explore the various meanings for the YEAR acronym on the Abbreviations.com website.

Matched Categories

British National Corpus

  1. Spoken Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'year' in Spoken Corpus Frequency: #114

  2. Written Corpus Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'year' in Written Corpus Frequency: #160

  3. Nouns Frequency

    Rank popularity for the word 'year' in Nouns Frequency: #2

Anagrams for year »

  1. aery

  2. ayre

  3. Ayre

  4. yare

  5. eyra

How to pronounce year?

How to say year in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of year in Chaldean Numerology is: 9

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of year in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Examples of year in a Sentence

  1. Rafael Aroush:

    A navy SEAL just passed away last night. How about a 12-year-old boy that will have to pass through? there will be rain and many things could go wrong. I don't want to say it, but it could be a catastrophe.

  2. Roger Federer:

    I am disappointed that I will not be able to compete today. I am not 100 percent physically and, after consultation with my team, it was determined that I not play, rome has always been one of my favorite cities to visit and I hope to be back next year.

  3. Charleston Democratic Party:

    We are honored to have Governor O'Malley return to town. Charleston has been through a lot in the past year and Democrats are taking this primary very seriously.

  4. Monisha Henley:

    Law enforcement and their constituents and everybody united can help slow these policies now, but I also recognize that some of these states have been trying to do this over and over again and this may be the year, unfortunately, that they finally get it across the finish line.

  5. Tonya Saffer:

    If you give a 20-year-old a 65-year-old kidney, there is a likelihood the 20-year-old will have to get another transplant at some point. So this fixes that, we will be able to make better use of kidneys and not have to re-transplant as many people.

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Translations for year

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"year." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 24 Mar. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/year>.

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a preacher of the Christian gospel
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