What does vicinal mean?

Definitions for vicinalˈvɪs ə nl

Here are all the possible meanings and translations of the word vicinal.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. vicinal(adj)

    belonging to or limited to a vicinity


  1. Vicinal(a.)

    (Organic Chem.) Having the substituted groups on the same carbon atom.

  2. Origin: [L. vicinalis: cf. F. vicinal.]


  1. vicinal(Adjective)

    Of or pertaining to a neighborhood; neighboring.

  2. vicinal(Adjective)

    Describing identical atoms or groups attached to nearby (especially adjacent) atoms in a molecule.

  3. Origin: From vicinalis.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Vicinal(adj)

    near; vicine

  2. Origin: [L. vicinalis: cf. F. vicinal.]


  1. Vicinal

    In chemistry vicinal stands for any two functional groups bonded to two adjacent carbon atoms. For example the molecule 2,3-dibromobutane carries two vicinal bromine atoms and 1,3-dibromobutane does not. Likewise in a gem-dibromide the prefix gem, an abbreviation of geminal, signals that both bromine atoms are bonded to the same atom. For example, 1,1-dibromobutane is geminal. Like other such concepts as syn, anti, exo or endo, the description vicinal helps explain how different parts of a molecule are related to each other either structurally or spatially. The vicinal adjective is sometimes restricted to those molecules with two identical functional groups. The term can also be extended to substituents on aromatic rings.

Editors Contribution

  1. vicinal

    隣接の、近隣のin Japanese. ビシナル means nothing. No such Japanese word.


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of vicinal in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of vicinal in Pythagorean Numerology is: 7

Images & Illustrations of vicinal

  1. vicinal

Translations for vicinal

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