What does temperament mean?

Definitions for temperament
ˈtɛm pər ə mənt, -prə mənt, -pər mənttem·per·a·ment

This dictionary definitions page includes all the possible meanings, example usage and translations of the word temperament.

Princeton's WordNet

  1. disposition, temperamentnoun

    your usual mood

    "he has a happy disposition"

  2. temperamentnoun

    excessive emotionalism or irritability and excitability (especially when displayed openly)

  3. temperamentnoun

    an adjustment of the intervals (as in tuning a keyboard instrument) so that the scale can be used to play in different keys


  1. temperamentnoun

    A moderate and proportionable mixture of elements or ingredients in a compound; the condition in which elements are mixed in their proper proportions.

  2. temperamentnoun

    Any state or condition as determined by the proportion of its ingredients or the manner in which they are mixed; consistence, composition; mixture.

  3. temperamentnoun

    a person's normal manner of thinking, behaving or reacting

  4. temperamentnoun

    a tendency to become irritable or angry

  5. temperamentnoun

    the altering of certain intervals from their correct values in order to improve the moving from key to key

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary

  1. Temperamentnoun

    Etymology: temperamentum, Lat. temperament, Fr.

    Bodies are denominated hot and cold in proportion to the present temperament of that part of our body to which they are applied. John Locke.

    The common law has wasted and wrought out those distempers, and reduced the kingdom to its just state and temperament. Matthew Hale.

Webster Dictionary

  1. Temperamentverb

    internal constitution; state with respect to the relative proportion of different qualities, or constituent parts

  2. Temperamentverb

    due mixture of qualities; a condition brought about by mutual compromises or concessions

  3. Temperamentverb

    the act of tempering or modifying; adjustment, as of clashing rules, interests, passions, or the like; also, the means by which such adjustment is effected

  4. Temperamentverb

    condition with regard to heat or cold; temperature

  5. Temperamentverb

    a system of compromises in the tuning of organs, pianofortes, and the like, whereby the tones generated with the vibrations of a ground tone are mutually modified and in part canceled, until their number reduced to the actual practicable scale of twelve tones to the octave. This scale, although in so far artificial, is yet closely suggestive of its origin in nature, and this system of tuning, although not mathematically true, yet satisfies the ear, while it has the convenience that the same twelve fixed tones answer for every key or scale, C/ becoming identical with D/, and so on

  6. Temperamentverb

    the peculiar physical and mental character of an individual, in olden times erroneously supposed to be due to individual variation in the relations and proportions of the constituent parts of the body, especially of the fluids, as the bile, blood, lymph, etc. Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament, sanguine temperament, etc., implying a predominance of one of these fluids and a corresponding influence on the temperament


  1. Temperament

    In psychology, temperament refers to those aspects of an individual's personality, such as introversion or extroversion, that are often regarded as innate rather than learned. A great many classificatory schemes for temperament have been developed; none, though, has achieved general consensus in academia. Historically, the concept of temperament was part of the theory of the four humours, with their corresponding four temperaments. The concept played an important part in pre-modern psychology, and was explored by philosophers such as Immanuel Kant and Hermann Lotze. David W. Keirsey also drew upon the early models of temperament when developing the Keirsey Temperament Sorter. More recently, scientists seeking evidence of a biological basis of personality have further examined the relationship between temperament and character. However, biological correlations have proven hard to confirm.

Chambers 20th Century Dictionary

  1. Temperament

    tem′pėr-a-ment, n. state with respect to the predominance of any quality: internal constitution or state: disposition, one of the peculiarities of physical and mental organisation which to a certain extent influence our thoughts and actions—choleric or bilious, lymphatic, nervous, sanguine: the adjustment of imperfect concords, so that the difference between two contiguous sounds is reduced to a minimum and the two appear identical—a system of compromise in the tuning of keyed instruments.—adj. Temperamen′tal.—adv. Temperamen′tally. [L. temperamentumtemperāre.]

U.S. National Library of Medicine

  1. Temperament

    Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.

Matched Categories

How to pronounce temperament?

How to say temperament in sign language?


  1. Chaldean Numerology

    The numerical value of temperament in Chaldean Numerology is: 2

  2. Pythagorean Numerology

    The numerical value of temperament in Pythagorean Numerology is: 4

Examples of temperament in a Sentence

  1. Will McCormack:

    In temperament it is, but it will be a love story.

  2. Susan Collins:

    It will be very difficult for anyone to argue that Judge Brett Kavanaugh’s not qualified for the job. Judge Brett Kavanaugh clearly is qualified for the job, but there are other issues involving judicial temperament and Judge Brett Kavanaugh... judicial philosophy that also will play into my decision.

  3. Hillary Clinton:

    There is such a thing that Former President Jimmy Carter seek in judges of a judicious temperament... people who are able to discipline themselves, to be open to the evidence wherever it might lead. ... This was quite unusual, what we saw the other day.

  4. Donald Trump:

    I actually think I have the best temperament.

  5. Logan Pearsall Smith:

    Solvency is entirely a matter of temperament and not of income.

Popularity rank by frequency of use


Translations for temperament

From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary

Get even more translations for temperament »


Find a translation for the temperament definition in other languages:

Select another language:

  • - Select -
  • 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified)
  • 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional)
  • Español (Spanish)
  • Esperanto (Esperanto)
  • 日本語 (Japanese)
  • Português (Portuguese)
  • Deutsch (German)
  • العربية (Arabic)
  • Français (French)
  • Русский (Russian)
  • ಕನ್ನಡ (Kannada)
  • 한국어 (Korean)
  • עברית (Hebrew)
  • Gaeilge (Irish)
  • Українська (Ukrainian)
  • اردو (Urdu)
  • Magyar (Hungarian)
  • मानक हिन्दी (Hindi)
  • Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Italiano (Italian)
  • தமிழ் (Tamil)
  • Türkçe (Turkish)
  • తెలుగు (Telugu)
  • ภาษาไทย (Thai)
  • Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese)
  • Čeština (Czech)
  • Polski (Polish)
  • Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian)
  • Românește (Romanian)
  • Nederlands (Dutch)
  • Ελληνικά (Greek)
  • Latinum (Latin)
  • Svenska (Swedish)
  • Dansk (Danish)
  • Suomi (Finnish)
  • فارسی (Persian)
  • ייִדיש (Yiddish)
  • հայերեն (Armenian)
  • Norsk (Norwegian)
  • English (English)

Word of the Day

Would you like us to send you a FREE new word definition delivered to your inbox daily?

Please enter your email address:


Use the citation below to add this definition to your bibliography:


"temperament." Definitions.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 28 Mar. 2023. <https://www.definitions.net/definition/temperament>.

Discuss these temperament definitions with the community:


    Are we missing a good definition for temperament? Don't keep it to yourself...

    Browse Definitions.net

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Chrome

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!

    Free, no signup required:

    Add to Firefox

    Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web!


    Are you a words master?

    an almost pleasurable sensation of fright
    • A. nitrile
    • B. hunch
    • C. tingle
    • D. serendipity

    Nearby & related entries:

    Alternative searches for temperament: